Merycoidodon Leidy 1848 (oreodont)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Merycoidodontidae

Synonyms: Blickohyus Schultz and Falkenbach 1968, Cotylops Leidy 1851, Eucrotaphus (Oreodon) Leidy 1851, Genetochoerus Schultz and Falkenbach 1968, Oreodon Leidy 1851, Otionohyus Schultz and Falkenbach 1968, Paramerycoidodon Schultz and Falkenbach 1968, Prodesmatochoerus Schultz and Falkenbach 1954, Promesoreodon Schultz and Falkenbach 1949, Subdesmatochoerus Schultz and Falkenbach 1954

Full reference: J. Leidy. 1848. On a new fossil genus and species of ruminantoid Pachydermata: Merycoidodon culbertsonii. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 4:40-51

Parent taxon: Merycoidodontinae according to M. S. Stevens and J. B. Stevens 2007

See also Barbour and Cook 1917, Cope 1884, Cope 1891, Douglass 1906, Galbreath 1953, Hay 1899, Lambe 1908, Lander 1998, Schultz and Falkenbach 1949, Schultz and Falkenbach 1954, Schultz and Falkenbach 1968, Scott 1940, Scott and Osborn 1887, Sinclair 1924, Stevens and Stevens 1996, Thorpe 1921, Thorpe 1937 and Toohey 1959

Sister taxon: Mesoreodon

Subtaxa: Genetochoerus (Osbornohyus) Merycoidodon (Anomerycoidodon) Merycoidodon (Blickohyus) Merycoidodon bullatus Merycoidodon culbertsoni Merycoidodon major Merycoidodon presidioensis Otionohyus (Otarohyus) Paramerycoidodon (Barbourochoerus) Prodesmatochoerus natronensis

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Type: Genetochoerus periculorum

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of United States (1: Florida collection)

• Arikareean of United States (4: Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Oligocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), United States (133: Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Wyoming)

• Eocene of Canada (2: Saskatchewan), Mexico (2), United States (30: Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

Total: 174 collections including 182 occurrences

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