Family Balaenidae Gray 1821 (right whale)

Mammalia - Mysticeti - Balaenidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Chaeomysticeti according to M. R. Buono et al. 2017

See also Abel 1914, Abel 1919, Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Ameghino 1889, Ameghino 1894, Barnes et al. 1985, Benton 1993, Bergqvist et al. 1999, Berta 2017, Bianucci and Landini 2007, Bisconti 2003, Bisconti 2005, Bisconti 2008, Bisconti 2014, Bisconti et al. 2017, Boessenecker and Fordyce 2015, Bonaparte 1849, Bonaparte 1850, Bouetel and Muizon 2006, Brandt 1874, Bronn 1853, Canto et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, Case 1904, Churchill et al. 2012, Cope 1889, Cope 1890, Cozzuol 1996, De Kay 1842, Ekdale et al. 2011, Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott 1951, Field et al. 2017, Flower 1865, Flower 1867, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Fordyce 2003, Fordyce and Barnes 1994, Fordyce et al. 1995, Fordyce and de Muizon 2001, Fordyce and Roberts 2009, Fraser and Purves 1960, Geisler et al. 2011, Geisler and Sanders 2003, Gill 1871, Gill 1873, Gingerich 2005, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Gray 1870, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Kellogg 1928, Lydekker 1887, Marx et al. 2016, Marx and Fordyce 2015, Marx et al. 2016, McKenna and Bell 1997, Mead and Brownell 2005, Miller 1923, Mitchell 1989, Newton 1891, Nowak 1991, Pictet 1853, Rice 1998, Rice 2002, Rice 2009, Sanders and Barnes 2002, Scammon and Cope 1869, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Simpson 1945, Steeman 2007, Turner 1912, Uhen et al. 2008, Van Deinse 1931, Weber 1904, Weber 1928, Whitmore and Kaltenbach 2008 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Balaenomorpha, Cetotheriopsidae, Cetotheriopsis, Cetotherium incertum, Cetotherium klinderi, Cetotherium pusillum, Eomysticetidae, Eomysticetoidea, Halicetus, Megapteropsis, Piscocetus, Plicogulae, Sitsqwayk, Tlaxcallicetus, Whakakai

Subtaxa: Balaena Balaena belgica Balaena dubia Balaena etrusca Balaena paronai Balaena primigenius Balaenella Balaenina Balaeninae Balaenotus Balaenula Eubalaena Eucetites Idiocetus Morenocetus Peripolocetus

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Ecology: aquatic suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (1 collection), Argentina (2), Brazil (1), Canada (36: Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Yukon), Chile (1), Denmark (21), Germany (1), Greenland (15), Italy (1), Japan (2), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (2), Norway (4), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (7), Taiwan (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (8: Alaska, Michigan, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Australia (1), New Zealand (1)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Belgium (9), Chile (1), Iceland (1), Italy (26), Japan (7), Spain (1), United States (7: California, Florida, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Belgium (1), Chile (2), Japan (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1)

• Neogene of France (1), South Pacific (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Australia (4), France (1), Italy (1), Japan (3), the Netherlands (2), United States (5: California, Virginia)

Total: 195 collections including 231 occurrences

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