Gomphotherium Burmeister 1837 (gomphothere)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae

Synonyms: Genomastodon Barbour 1917, Mastodon (Trilophodon) Falconer 1857, Ocalientinus Frick 1933, Serridentinus Osborn 1923, Tatabelodon Frick 1933, Tetrabelodon Cope 1884, Trilophodon Falconer 1857, Trobelodon Frick 1933

Parent taxon: Gomphotheriidae according to W. D. Lambert 2007

See also Alroy 2002, Barbour 1917, Boessenecker 2011, Carroll 1988, Christiansen 2007, Lambert 1996, Lambert and Shoshani 1998, Madden and Storer 1985, Matthew 1918, McKenna and Bell 1997, Osborn 1923, Osborn 1924, Qiu et al. 1981, Sach and Heizmann 2001, Sanders and Miller 2002, Shoshani and Tassy 1996, Shoshani and Tassy 2005, Tedford and Barghoorn 1993, Tobien 1972 and Tobien 1973

Sister taxa: Afromastodon, Amahuacatherium, Amebelodon, Anancinae, Choerolophodontinae, Cuvieroniinae, Cuvieronius, Eubelodon, Eurybelodon, Gnathabelodon, Gomphotheriinae, Mastodon shepardii, Megabelodon, Morrillia, Pediolophodon, Pentalophodon, Platybelodon, Progomphotherium, Rhynchotheriinae, Rhynchotherium, Rhynchotherium rectidens, Selenolophodon, Serbelodon, Sinomastodon, Stegomastodon, Synconolophus, Tetralophodon, Torynobelodon

Subtaxa: Gomphotherium anguirvalis Gomphotherium angustidens Gomphotherium brewsterensis Gomphotherium connexus Gomphotherium emmonsi Gomphotherium gratum Gomphotherium nebrascensis Gomphotherium obscurum Gomphotherium productum Gomphotherium rugosidens Gomphotherium shensiensis Gomphotherium simplicidens Gomphotherium wimani Serridentinus mongoliensis Tetrabelodon angustidens Tetrabelodon osborni Trilophodon ligoniferus

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (2 collections), Nicaragua (1), United States (1: Texas)

• Pliocene of United States (1: North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (3), United States (5: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma)

• Miocene of Austria (1), China (9), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (2), France (14), Germany (15), India (1), Kenya (3), Macedonia (1), Mexico (4), Namibia (3), North Korea (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (1), Poland (2), Portugal (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (3), Spain (7), Switzerland (5), Thailand (1), Tunisia (1), Turkey (2), Ukraine (1), United States (87: California, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of China (1)

• Oligocene of Ethiopia (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

Total: 187 collections including 191 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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