†family Gomphotheriidae Hay 1922 (gomphothere)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae

Parent taxon: Gomphotherioidea according to J. Shoshani et al. 2006

See also Carroll 1988, Cregut-Bonnoure and Tsoukala 2017, Geraads et al. 2005, Hulbert and Whitmore 2006, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Lambert 2016, Lambert and Shoshani 1998, McKenna and Bell 1997, Paula Couto 1956, Pickford 2003, Sach and Heizmann 2001, Sanders and Miller 2002, Shoshani and Tassy 1996 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Afromastodon Amahuacatherium Amebelodon Anancinae Choerolophodontinae Cuvieroniinae Cuvieronius Eubelodon Eurybelodon Gnathabelodon Gomphotheriinae Gomphotherium Mastodon shepardii Megabelodon Morrillia Pediolophodon Pentalophodon Platybelodon Progomphotherium Rhynchotheriinae Rhynchotherium Rhynchotherium rectidens Selenolophodon Serbelodon Sinomastodon Stegomastodon Synconolophus Tetralophodon Torynobelodon

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (15 collections), Bolivia (11), Brazil (25), Chile (6), China (2), Colombia (6), Costa Rica (2), Ecuador (17), El Salvador (3), France (7), Greece (2), Guatemala (2), Italy (2), Mexico (5), the Netherlands (2), Nicaragua (3), Panama (5), Paraguay (2), Peru (11), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (35: Arizona, California, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (7)

• Blancan of Mexico (9), United States (69: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Costa Rica (1), Ethiopia (1), Greece (1), Italy (1), Kenya (1), Malawi (1), Mexico (1)

• Pliocene of Afghanistan (1), Argentina (1), Bulgaria (2), Chile (1), China (6), Ethiopia (4), France (2), Georgia (2), Greece (5), Hungary (4), India (1), Italy (16), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (5), Malawi (1), Mexico (3), Moldova (5), Morocco (1), Romania (11), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (3), Slovenia (1), South Africa (3), Spain (5), Tanzania (4), Ukraine (2), United States (4: California, Florida, North Carolina, Texas)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), Mexico (7), United States (48: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (7), Kenya (5), Mexico (1), South Africa (4), Tanzania (2), Uganda (2), United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (1: Massachusetts)

• Neogene of Ukraine (1)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Austria (4), Brazil (1), Canada (7: Saskatchewan), Chad (1), China (23), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (2), El Salvador (1), Ethiopia (1), France (18), Georgia (2), Germany (15), Greece (8), Guatemala (1), Honduras (4), Hungary (1), India (2), Iraq (1), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (18), Libya (1), Macedonia (1), Malta (1), Mexico (6), Moldova (3), Mongolia (1), Namibia (4), Nepal (4), North Korea (1), Pakistan (9), Panama (1), Peru (1), Poland (2), Portugal (12), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (4), Serbia and Montenegro (4), South Africa (2), Spain (10), Switzerland (5), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (1), Thailand (2), Tunisia (3), Turkey (7), Uganda (2), Ukraine (12), United States (189: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

• Oligocene to Miocene of China (1)

• Oligocene of Ethiopia (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

Total: 854 collections including 917 occurrences

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