Elephas Linnaeus 1758 (elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Synonyms: Elephantus Geoffroy and Cuvier 1795 [objective synonym], Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) Matsumoto 1924, Hesperoloxodon Osborn 1931, Hypselephas Osborn 1942, Leithadamsia Matsumoto 1927, Loxodonta (Palaeoloxodon) Matsumoto 1924, Omoloxodon Deraniyagala 1955, Palaeoloxodon Matsumoto 1924, Pilgrimia Osborn 1924, Platelephas Osborn 1942, Sivalikia Osborn 1924, Stegoloxodon Kretzoi 1950

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Elephantini according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

See also Barriel et al. 1999, Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi 1995, Carroll 1988, Christiansen 2007, Gray 1825, Kalb and Frohelich 1995, Leidy 1860, Linnaeus 1758, Matsumoto 1929, McKenna and Bell 1997, Nordmann 1860, Owen 1848, Palombo 2001, Palombo 2005, Rogaev et al. 2006, Shoshani and Eisenberg 1982, Shoshani and Tassy 1996, Shoshani and Tassy 2005 and Thurmond and Jones 1981

Sister taxa: Elephantina, Loxodontina, Mammuthus

Subtaxa: Elephas (Euelephas) Elephas beyeri Elephas chaniensis Elephas creticus Elephas cypriotes Elephas falconeri Elephas maximus Elephas melitensis Elephas moghrebiensis Elephas nawataensis Elephas priscus Loxodonta (Palaeoloxodon) tokunagai Palaeoloxodon antiquus Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis Palaeoloxodon naumanni Palaeoloxodon recki

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), China (4), Cyprus (1), Ethiopia (1), Germany (4), India (2), Indonesia (4), Israel (3), Italy (7), Kenya (6), Malta (1), Morocco (2), the Philippines (1), South Africa (2), Spain (2), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (2), Malawi (1)

• Pliocene of China (1), Ethiopia (7), India (3), Kenya (4), Morocco (1), Tanzania (1), Ukraine (1)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (2)

• Neogene of Taiwan (2)

• Miocene of Thailand (1)

Total: 70 collections including 75 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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