Stegodon Falconer 1847 (elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Parent taxon: Elephantidae according to J. E. Kalb and D. J. Frohelich 1995

See also Abel 1919, Carroll 1988, McKenna and Bell 1997, Sanders 1999, Shoshani and Tassy 1996 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxa: Elephantinae, Selenetherium, Stegodibelodon, Stegodontinae, Stegotetrabelodon, Stegotetrabelodontinae, Suina

Subtaxa: Stegodon florensis Stegodon kaisensis Stegodon luzonensis Stegodon mindanensis Stegodon sompoensis Stegodon sondaari Stegodon sumbaensis Stegodon syrticus Stegodon trigonocephalus Stegodon yuanmouensis

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (13 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), India (1), Indonesia (14), Israel (2), Japan (2), Myanmar (3), the Philippines (2), Syria (1), Taiwan (1), Thailand (1), Vietnam (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (2), India (1), Nepal (1)

• Pliocene of Chad (1), China (2), India (4), Indonesia (12), Japan (3), Pakistan (1), Uganda (4)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (2), South Africa (1), Uganda (5)

• Neogene of Taiwan (4)

• Miocene of India (1), Kenya (1), Thailand (2)

Total: 92 collections including 106 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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