Megatherium Cuvier 1796 (edentate)

Mammalia - Xenarthra - Megatheriidae

Synonyms: Essonodontherium Ameghino 1884, Neoracanthus Ameghino 1889, Oracanthus Ameghino 1885

Parent taxon: Megatheriinae according to F. Pujos and R. Salas 2004

See also Ameghino 1885, Ameghino 1889, Amson et al. 2016, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Gaudin 1995, Gray 1825, Leidy 1860, Lydekker 1894, Schneider 1926 and Zurita et al. 2004

Sister taxa: Anisodontherium, Eremotherium, Megathericulus, Megatheridium, Megatheriops, Pliomegatherium, Proeremotherium, Pyramiodontherium, Urumaquia

Subtaxa: Essonodontherium gervaisi Megatherium altiplanicum Megatherium americanum Megatherium antiquum Megatherium celendinense Megatherium gallardoi Megatherium gaudryi Megatherium medinae Megatherium sundti Megatherium tarijense Megatherium urbinai Neoracanthus brackebuschianus Neoracanthus burmeisteri

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Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (19 collections), Bolivia (8), Brazil (2), Chile (3), Colombia (1), Guatemala (1), Nicaragua (1), Paraguay (1), Peru (14), United States (4: Georgia, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (2), Bolivia (3)

• Montehermosan of Bolivia (2)

• Miocene of Peru (1)

Total: 63 collections including 67 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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