†subfamily Megatheriinae Gill 1872 (edentate)

Mammalia - Xenarthra - Megatheriidae

Synonym: Xenocninae Paula Couto 1980

Parent taxon: Megatheriidae according to E. Amson et al. 2016

See also Cartelle et al. 2008, De Iuliis and Cartelle 1999, Gaudin 1995, MacFadden et al. 1993, Paula Couto 1956 and Zurita et al. 2004

Sister taxa: Diellipsodon, Eomegatherium, Ereptodon, Hapalops, Megatheriina, Mylomorpha, Planopinae, Planops, Plesiomegatherium, Prepotherinae, Rodimorpha, Thalassocninae, Zamicrus

Subtaxa: Anisodontherium Eremotherium Megathericulus Megatheridium Megatheriops Megatherium Pliomegatherium Proeremotherium Pyramiodontherium Urumaquia

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Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (23 collections), Bolivia (9), Brazil (30), Chile (3), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (5), El Salvador (3), Guatemala (2), Honduras (1), Mexico (2), Nicaragua (2), Panama (4), Paraguay (1), Peru (23), United States (24: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (5)

• Blancan of United States (6: Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Costa Rica (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (5), Bolivia (4), Colombia (1), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (1)

• Montehermosan of Argentina (1), Bolivia (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Argentina (2)

• Neogene of Nicaragua (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (13), Bolivia (3), Chile (1), Colombia (6), Peru (2), Venezuela (2)

Total: 193 collections including 207 occurrences

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