Borophagus littoralis VanderHoof 1931 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combinations: Epicyon littoralis, Osteoborus littoralis

Synonyms: Epicyon diabloensis Richey 1938, Osteoborus diabloensis Richey 1938

Full reference: V. L. VanderHoof. 1931. Borophagus littoralis From the Marine Tertiary of California. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences 21(2):15-24

Belongs to Borophagus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

See also Baskin 1980, Baskin 1998, Martin and Tedrow 1988, Munthe 1998, Richey 1979, Stirton and VanderHoof 1933, Tedford et al. 1987 and VanderHoof 1931

Sister taxa: Borophagus diversidens, Borophagus dudleyi, Borophagus hilli, Borophagus orc, Borophagus parvus, Borophagus pugnator, Borophagus secundus, Dinocyon (Borophagus) meandrinus, Osteoborus crassipinaetus, Porthocyon matthewi

Type specimens:

  • Borophagus littoralis: Its type locality is Crocker Springs, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in California
  • Osteoborus diabloensis: UCMP 33476, a mandible. Its type locality is UCMP V-3310, Black Hawk Ranch, which is in a Clarendonian terrestrial siliciclastic in the Green Valley Formation of California.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore


• Miocene of United States (8: California collections)

Total: 8 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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