Borophagus Cope 1892 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative spelling: Dinocyon (Borophagus)

Synonyms: Hyaenognathus Merriam 1903, Osteoborus Stirton and VanderHoof 1933, Pliogulo White 1941, Porthocyon Merriam 1903

Parent taxon: Borophagina according to X. Wang et al. 2004

See also Bjork 1970, Carroll 1988, Dalquest 1969, Hay 1902, Johnston 1939, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Matthew 1902, Matthew 1902, Matthew 1918, Matthew and Stirton 1930, Richey 1979, Schultz 1937, Stirton 1939, Stirton and VanderHoof 1933, Tedford et al. 1987, Tseng and Geisler 2016, VanderHoof 1931, VanderHoof and Gregory 1940, Wang et al. 1999, Webb 1969 and White 1941

Sister taxa: Carpocyon, Epicyon, Paratomarctus, Protepicyon

Subtaxa: Borophagus diversidens Borophagus dudleyi Borophagus hilli Borophagus littoralis Borophagus orc Borophagus parvus Borophagus pugnator Borophagus secundus Dinocyon (Borophagus) meandrinus Osteoborus crassipinaetus Porthocyon matthewi

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Type: Borophagus diversidens

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Blancan of El Salvador (1 collection), Mexico (3), United States (41: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene of Mexico (2), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (5), United States (54: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Miocene of El Salvador (1), Honduras (4), Mexico (3), United States (21: California, Florida, Idaho, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

Total: 137 collections including 143 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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