Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 (gray wolf)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonyms: Aenocyon milleri Merriam 1912, Canis furlongi Hay 1927, Canis lycaon Schreber 1775, Canis milleri Merriam 1912, Canis nubilus Say 1823, Canis pambasileus Elliot 1905, Canis petrolei Stock 1938, Canis tundrarum Miller 1912, Canis variabilis Wied-Neuwied 1841, Lupus gigas Townsend 1850

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Canis according to R. H. Tedford et al. 2009

See also Boule and De Villeneuve 1927, Goodman and Pidgeon 1999, Hall 1981, Jiangzuo et al. 2018, Kurten 1968, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Linnaeus 1758, Martin 1974, Merriam 1918, Miller 1976, Nowak 1979, Schultz 1938, Schultz and Howard 1935, Thomas 1911 and Wilson 1967

Sister taxa: Canis (Epicyon), Canis (Pseudalopex), Canis adustus, Canis antarcticus, Canis anthus, Canis apolloniensis, Canis armbrusteri, Canis arnensis, Canis aureus, Canis cedazoensis, Canis cyonoides, Canis dingo, Canis dirus, Canis edwardii, Canis etruscus, Canis familiaris, Canis feneus, Canis ferox, Canis geismarianus, Canis indianensis, Canis latidentatus, Canis latrans, Canis lepophagus, Canis lydekkeri, Canis mesomelas, Canis montanus, Canis morenis, Canis mosbachensis, Canis niger, Canis occidentalis, Canis osorum, Canis palaeoplatensis, Canis primigenius, Canis proplatensis, Canis rufus, Canis thooides

Subtaxa: Canis lupus variabilis

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore


• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), Canada (4: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (1), the Czech Republic (3), France (9), Germany (10), Greece (8), Greenland (1), Hungary (2), Italy (17), Japan (4), Kazakhstan (1), Monaco (1), the Netherlands (2), North Atlantic (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (3), Spain (5), Sudan (1), Tajikistan (2), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (20: Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Montana, New Mexico, Ohio, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Pliocene of Hungary (1), the Russian Federation (1)

Total: 104 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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