Canis Linnaeus 1758 (canine)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonyms: Aenocyon Merriam 1918, Lyciscus Hamilton-Smith 1839, Pachycyon Allen 1885

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Canina according to R. H. Tedford et al. 2009

See also Allen 1885, Alroy 2002, Berta 1988, Bjork 1970, Burney et al. 2008, Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi 1995, Carroll 1988, Cisneros 2005, Eshelman et al. 2018, Geraads 1997, Gray 1825, Hall 1981, Hibbard 1955, Kurten 1984, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Leidy 1860, Linnaeus 1758, Lundelius 1972, Martin 1974, Medin et al. 2017, Merriam 1918, Nowak 1979, Schultz and Howard 1935, Shoshani et al. 1989 and Werdelin and Peigne 2010

Sister taxa: Cuon, Eucyon, Fennecus, Xenocyon

Subtaxa: Canis (Epicyon) Canis (Pseudalopex) Canis adustus Canis antarcticus Canis anthus Canis apolloniensis Canis armbrusteri Canis arnensis Canis aureus Canis cedazoensis Canis dingo Canis dirus Canis edwardii Canis etruscus Canis familiaris Canis feneus Canis ferox Canis geismarianus Canis latrans Canis lepophagus Canis lupus Canis lydekkeri Canis mesomelas Canis montanus Canis morenis Canis mosbachensis Canis niger Canis osorum Canis palaeoplatensis Canis primigenius Canis proplatensis Canis rufus Canis thooides

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Argentina (10), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Bolivia (3), Canada (7: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon), Chile (1), China (6), the Congo-Kinshasa (3), Cook Islands (1), Croatia (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (3), Egypt (5), El Salvador (1), Ethiopia (1), France (25), Georgia (2), Germany (11), Greece (10), Greenland (3), Hungary (8), Israel (5), Italy (38), Japan (4), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (8), Kyrgyzstan (1), Libya (2), Madagascar (2), Malta (1), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (8), Monaco (1), Mongolia (1), Morocco (8), the Netherlands (4), Niger (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Pakistan (1), Peru (7), Poland (1), Romania (9), the Russian Federation (9), South Africa (41), Spain (15), Sudan (4), Syria (1), Tajikistan (2), Tanzania (4), Tunisia (1), Turkey (3), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (188: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming), Venezuela (1), Vietnam (1), Zambia (2)

• Blancan of Mexico (2), United States (62: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), France (2), Greece (2), Italy (2), Kenya (2), South Africa (7), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Pliocene of China (1), Ethiopia (1), France (2), Georgia (2), Hungary (4), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (1), Mexico (1), Moldova (4), Morocco (1), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (3), Spain (1), Tajikistan (3), Tanzania (11), Ukraine (3), United States (1: Idaho)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (3), United States (9: Arizona, Indiana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma)

• Miocene to Pliocene of South Africa (3)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Spain (1)

• Neogene of Italy (1)

• Miocene of Spain (1), United States (1: Florida)

Total: 643 collections including 766 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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