Cynarctoides acridens Barbour and Cook 1914 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combinations: Cynarctus acridens, Notharctus acridens

Synonyms: Cynarctoides mustelinus Matthew 1932, Cynarctus mustelinus Matthew 1932

Full reference: E. H. Barbour and H. J. Cook. 1914. Two new fossil dogs of the genus Cynarctus from Nebraska. Nebraska Geological Survey 4(15):225-227

Belongs to Cynarctoides according to X. Wang et al. 1999

See also Barbour and Cook 1914, Matthew 1932, McGrew 1938, McGrew 1938 and Munthe 1988

Sister taxa: Cynarctoides emryi, Cynarctoides gawnae, Cynarctoides harlowi, Cynarctoides lemur, Cynarctoides luskensis, Cynarctoides roii, Cynarctoides whistleri

Type specimens:

  • Cynarctoides acridens: HC 144, a mandible. Its type locality is American Museum-Cook Quarry, which is in a Harrisonian terrestrial horizon in the Marsland Formation of Nebraska.
  • Cynarctus mustelinus: AMNH 20502, a mandible (lower jaw fragment with m1-2). Its type locality is Thomson Quarry, which is in a Hemingfordian terrestrial horizon in the Sheep Creek Formation of Nebraska.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore


• Miocene of United States (40: California, Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, Wyoming collections)

• Harrisonian of United States (6: Nebraska, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (1: South Dakota)

Total: 47 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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