Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 (American mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Alternative combinations: Elephas americanus, Mammut americanus, Mastodon americanus

Synonyms: Elephas americanus De Kay 1842, Mammut adamsi Hibbard 1944, Mammut ohioticum Blumenbach 1797, Mammut progenium Hay 1914, Mastodon giganteum Cuvier 1817, Mastodon giganteus Cuvier 1817, Mastodon ohioticum Blumenbach 1797, Mastodon ohioticus Blumenbach 1797, Mastodon progenius Hay 1914, Pliomastodon adamsi Hibbard 1944, Tapirus mastodontoides Harlan 1825, Tetracaulodon mastodontoideum Godman 1830, Trilophodon ohioticus Blumenbach 1797

Belongs to Mammut according to J. Shoshani and P. Tassy 1996

See also Abraczinskas 1993, Allen 1895, Christiansen 2007, Cope 1875, Eshelman et al. 2018, Hibbard and Riggs 1949, Hulbert and Pratt 1998, Kelly 1994, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Lambert and Shoshani 1998, Leidy 1857, Leidy 1860, Leidy 1868, Leidy 1877, Loomis 1918, Lundelius 1972, Mantell 1850, Miller 1987, Ray and Sanders 1984, Saunders 1996, Simpson 1945, Slaughter 1966, Tedford et al. 1987 and Thurmond and Jones 1981

Sister taxa: Mammut borsoni, Mammut cosoensis, Mammut furlongi, Mammut matthewi, Mammut raki, Mastodon rectus, Mastodon spenceri, Mastodon (Tetralophodon), Mastodon bumiajuensis, Mastodon proavus

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Average measurements (in mm): femur circumference 390.0, fibula circumference 234.0, humerus circumference 455.6, tibia circumference 352.3, ulna circumference 331.1

Estimated body mass: 8.13 tons based on femur circumference and humerus circumference

Distribution:

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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