Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 (Columbian mammoth)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Alternative combinations: Elephas columbi, Elephas primigenius columbii, Euelephas columbi, Mammuthus (Parelephas) columbi, Parelephas columbi

Synonyms: Archidiskodon imperator Leidy 1858, Archidiskodon sonoriensis Osborn 1929, Elephas (Euelephas) imperator Leidy 1858, Elephas eellsi Hay 1926, Elephas floridanus Osborn 1929, Elephas imperator Leidy 1858, Elephas jacksoni Mather 1838, Elephas jeffersonii Osborn 1922, Elephas maibeni Barbour 1925, Elephas roosevelti Hay 1922, Elephas washingtonii Osborn 1923, Euelephas imperator Leidy 1858, Mammuthus (Archidiskodon) imperator Leidy 1858, Mammuthus floridanus Osborn 1929, Mammuthus imperator Leidy 1858, Mammuthus jacksoni Mather 1838, Mammuthus jeffersoni Osborn 1922, Mammuthus jeffersonii Osborn 1922, Parelephas floridanus Osborn 1929, Parelephas jacksoni Mather 1838, Parelephas jeffersonii Osborn 1922, Parelephas progressus Osborn 1942, Parelephas roosevelti Hay 1922, Parelephas washingtonii Osborn 1923

Belongs to Mammuthus according to W. L. Puckette and J. A. Scholtz 1974

See also Agenbroad 2005, Alroy 2002, Barbour 1925, Christiansen 2007, Cope 1893, Dalquest and Schultz 1992, Elftman 1931, Haury et al. 1953, Hibbard 1955, Hibbard 1955, Hibbard and Taylor 1960, Hulbert and Pratt 1998, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Larson 1999, Leidy 1858, Lister 1993, Lundelius 1972, Madden 1983, Madden 1986, Miller 1976, Osborn 1918, Osborn 1922, Osborn 1923, Osborn 1924, Osborn 1929, Pinsof 1998, Shoshani and Tassy 1996, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Van Devender et al. 1985 and Webb and Dudley 1995

Sister taxa: Mammuthus chosaricus, Mammuthus exilis, Mammuthus hayi, Mammuthus lamarmorae, Mammuthus meridionalis, Mammuthus primigenius, Mammuthus trogontherii, Archidiskodon celebensis, Archidiskodon weifangensis, Archidiskodon haroldcooki

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (10: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan collections), El Salvador (2), Guatemala (4), Honduras (1), Mexico (6), Nicaragua (1), United States (72: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

• Neogene of Nicaragua (1)

Total: 97 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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