Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 (lion)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae

Alternative combination: Felis leo

Synonym: Felis imperialis Leidy 1873

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Panthera according to W. E. Johnson et al. 2006

See also Breitenmoser and Breitenmoser 2017, Kurten 1968, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Linnaeus 1758, Simpson 1941, Tennyson and Mannering 2018 and Thomas 1911

Sister taxa: Panthera (Jaguarius), Panthera blytheae, Panthera gombaszoegensis, Panthera onca, Panthera pardus, Panthera tigris, Panthera uncia

Subtaxa: Felis leo spelaea

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): femur diameter 27.3, humerus diameter 36.8, radius diameter 23.3, tibia diameter 28.8

Estimated body mass: 135.2 kg based on femur diameter, humerus diameter, and tibia diameter

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), the Congo-Kinshasa (2), France (4), Germany (4), Greece (2), India (1), Italy (10), Kenya (6), Libya (1), Morocco (5), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (16), Spain (3), Syria (1), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (1: California), Zambia (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (2), South Africa (2)

Total: 70 collections including 71 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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