Calophyllum Dana 1846 (horn coral)

Anthozoa - Stauriida - Polycoeliidae

Synonyms: Phryganophyllum de Koninck 1872, Polycoelia King 1849, Pycnocoelia Schindewolf 1952, Tetraphyllum Ludwig 1865

Parent taxon: Polycoeliinae according to D. Hill 1956

See also Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Amandaraia, Calophylloides, Empodesma, Gerthia, Groenlandophyllum, Hexalasma, Huangophyllum, Kinkaidia, Pleophyllum, Pseudocryptophyllum, Stereocorypha, Svalbardphyllum, Tetralasma

Subtaxa: Calophyllum (Groenlandophyllum) Calophyllum angustum Calophyllum baytuganense Calophyllum columnare Calophyllum crassimurale Calophyllum cylindrica Calophyllum lhazeensis Calophyllum longiseptata Calophyllum micron Calophyllum permica Calophyllum punctata Calophyllum rhopalotum Polycoelia dobrolyubovae Pycnocoelia flabelliformis

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of Canada (3: Nunavut collections), China (14), Germany (1), Greenland (5), Indonesia (2), Iran (4), Pakistan (3), the Russian Federation (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (2)

• Carboniferous of Australia (1), China (2), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 43 collections including 53 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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