Ursus maritimus Phipps 1774 (polar bear)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae

Alternative combination: Thalarctos maritimus

Synonyms: Thalarctos polaris Gray 1825, Ursus marinus Pallas 1776, Ursus polaris Shaw 1792

Belongs to Ursus according to S. Larivière 2001

See also Alroy 2002, DeMaster and Stirling 1981, Ewer 1973, Kurten 1964, Kurten 1968, Kurten and Anderson 1980 and Waits et al. 1999

Sister taxa: Ursus abstrusus, Ursus americanus, Ursus arctos, Ursus arvernensis, Ursus deningeri, Ursus dentrificius, Ursus etruscus, Ursus inopinatus, Ursus malayanus, Ursus minimus, Ursus praemalayanus, Ursus priscus, Ursus spelaeus, Ursus thibetanus, Thalassarctos spitzbergensis, Thalassarctos eogroenlandicus, Thalassarctos labradorensis, Thalassarctos jenaensis, Euarctos optimus, Ursus (Euarctos) vitabilis

Subtaxa: Ursus maritimus maritimus Ursus maritimus tyrannus

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore-omnivore

Average measurements (in mm): femur diameter 27.3, humerus diameter 34.4, radius diameter 18.6, tibia diameter 26.0

Estimated body mass: 116.4 kg based on femur diameter, humerus diameter, and tibia diameter

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (11: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon collections), Denmark (2), Germany (1), Greenland (10), Norway (3), the Russian Federation (3), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (11: Alaska)

Total: 46 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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