Pinacosaurus grangeri Gilmore 1933 (ornithischian)

Reptilia - Ornithischia - Ankylosauridae

Synonyms: Pinacosaurus ninghsiaensis Young 1935, Pinacosaurus ninghsiensis Young 1935, Syrmosaurus vimicaudus Maleev 1952, Syrmosaurus viminicaudus Maleev 1952, Syrmosaurus viminocaudus Maleev 1952

Full reference: C. W. Gilmore. 1933. Two new dinosaurian reptiles from Mongolia with notes on some fragmentary specimens. American Museum Novitates 679:1-20

Belongs to Pinacosaurus according to M. K. Vickaryous et al. 2004

See also Arbour 2007, Arbour et al. 2014, Barrett et al. 1998, Barsbold 1997, Bohlin 1953, Buffetaut 1995, Burns and Sullivan 2011, Burns and Sullivan 2011, Carpenter 2001, Carpenter et al. 2001, Coy 1997, Dong 1992, Ford 2000, Gilmore 1933, Gradzinski et al. 1977, Han et al. 2014, Kielan-Jaworowska 1984, Kirkland et al. 2013, Kuhn 1964, Longrich et al. 2010, Lü et al. 2007, Maleev 1952, Maleev 1954, Maryanska 1971, Maryanska 1977, Norell and Makovicky 1997, Osmólska 1997, Osmólska 1997, Parsons and Parsons 2009, Riabinin 1939, Rozhdestvensky 1974, Rozhdestvensky 1977, Simmons 1965, Tatarinov 1964, Tsogtbaatar et al. 2014, Tumanova 1987, Tumanova 2000, Vickaryous and Ryan 1997, Young 1935, Young 1935, Young 1937 and Zhao 1986

Sister taxon: Pinacosaurus mephistocephalus

Type specimens:

  • Pinacosaurus grangeri: AMNH 6523, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Shabarakh Usu (AMNH loc. 12049), which is in a Campanian eolian sandstone in the Djadokhta Formation of Mongolia.
  • Pinacosaurus ninghsiensis: Its type locality is North Alashan desert, Ninghsia, which is in a Cretaceous terrestrial sandstone in China.
  • Syrmosaurus viminicaudus: PIN AS 614. Its type locality is Bayn Dzak [SMPE] (PIN coll. 614), which is in a Campanian eolian sandstone in the Djadokhta Formation of Mongolia.

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of China (1 collection), Mongolia (7)

Total: 8 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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