Subfamily Emydinae Rafinesque 1815 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Panemydidae

Parent taxon: Emydidae according to J. W. Bickham 1975

See also Bourque 2016, Ernst and Barbour 1989, Estes 1964, Estes and Berberian 1970, Estes and Tihen 1964, Holman 2002, Kuhn 1966, Lydekker 1889, Melentis 1966 and van Dijk et al. 2014

Sister taxa: Batagurinae, Callagur, Chelonemys, Chelopus, Chinemys, Chrysemys, Chrysemys inflata, Chrysemys isoni, Chrysemys limnodytes, Cistudo, Clemmys hutchensorum, Clemmys saxea, Deirochelyinae, Deirochelys, Deirochelys floridana, Emydoidea, Emydoidea hutchisoni, Emys, Epiemys, Glyptemys, Graptemys, Grayemys, Hieremys, Hybemys, Lyssemys, Malacoclemmys, Palaeotheca, Polyechmatemys, Pseudemys, Pseudemys bisornatus, Pseudemys caelata, Pseudemys extincta, Pseudemys hillii, Pseudochrysemys, Pseudograptemys, Pyxidea, Sakya, Senryuemys, Shansiemys, Sharemys, Terrapene, Trachemys

Subtaxa: Actinemys Clemmys Emyda

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Ecology: aquatic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (1 collection), United States (10: California, Florida, Texas)

• Pliocene of China (2), France (2), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (1), Ukraine (1)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1)

• Miocene of India (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (1), United States (6: Nebraska)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (1)

• Oligocene of France (1), Georgia (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Eocene of Canada (1: Northwest Territories)

• Cretaceous of United States (6: Montana, Wyoming)

Total: 41 collections including 42 occurrences

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