Terrapene carolina Linnaeus 1758 (common box turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Panemydidae

Alternative combination: Testudo carolina

Synonym: Terrapene innoxia Hay 1916

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Terrapene according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Auffenberg 1958, Holman 1985, Holman and Fritz 2005, Joyce et al. 2012, Merrem 1820, Milstead 1956, Oelrich 1953 and Parris and Daeschler 1995

Sister taxa: Cistudo marnochii, Terrapene bulverda, Terrapene coahuila, Terrapene corneri, Terrapene eurypygia, Terrapene hibernaculum, Terrapene impensa, Terrapene impressa, Terrapene klauberi, Terrapene nelsoni, Terrapene ornata, Terrapene parornata, Terrapene putnami, Terrapene singletoni, Cistudo major, Cistudo triunguis, Cistudo mexicana

Subtaxa: Testudo carolina bauri Testudo carolina carolina Testudo carolina longinsulae Testudo carolina major Testudo carolina triunguis

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (34: Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia collections)

• Blancan of United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of United States (1: Kansas)

Total: 36 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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