Family Schizasteridae Lambert 1905 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Schizasteridae

Alternative spelling: Schizasterinae

Full reference: J. Lambert. 1905. Notes sur quelques Echinides éocéniques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine 17:129-164

Parent taxon: Paleopneustina according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Chiesa et al. 1995, Fischer 1966, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Jagt 2000 and Smith 1995

Sister taxa: Paleopneustidea, Periasteridae, Prenasteridae

Subtaxa: Abatus Agassizia Brisaster Brisasterinae Diploporaster Faorina Hemifaorina Hemigymnia Kina Lambertona Linthia Moira Opissaster Parabrissus Peribrissus Prenaster Proraster Pseudobrissus Schizaster Schizopneustes Tripylus

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Saudi Arabia (1 collection), United States (2: Florida, Maryland)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: North Carolina)

• Pliocene of Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (2), Fiji (1), Italy (2), Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (2), Australia (3), Austria (4), Brazil (2), Chile (4), Costa Rica (1), Egypt (1), India (2), Indonesia (3), Italy (12), Japan (2), Madagascar (2), Malta (2), New Zealand (11), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Argentina (1), Germany (1), India (1), Jamaica (2), New Zealand (1), Somalia (1), United States (17: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Washington)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (1)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Argentina (1), Cuba (3), Egypt (7), France (1), Germany (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Libya (4), Mexico (8), New Zealand (8), Niger (1), Panama (2), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (38: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Austria (2), Mali (2), the Netherlands (1), United States (19: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Egypt (1), Oman (1), Spain (2), United States (30: Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, North Carolina, Texas)

Total: 237 collections including 293 occurrences

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