Family Serpulidae Rafinesque 1835 (worm)

Polychaeta - Sabellida - Serpulidae

Parent taxon: Sabellida according to R. Sanfilippo et al. 2017

See also Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Glasby et al. 2000 and Moissette and Martin 1995

Sister taxa: Oweniidae, Sabellariidae, Sabellidae

Subtaxa: Alpinotubus Barbafera Carpathiella Ditrupa Dorsoserpula Filograna Filogranites Janua Josephella Mercierella Parsimonia Pentaserpula Propomatoceros Protula Pseudovermilia Pyrgopolon Ruxingella Semivermilia Serpula Spirobranchus Spirorbis Vitreotubus Weixiserpula

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Type: Serpula

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (6 collections), Australia (1), the Bahamas (1), Barbados (2), Canada (2: British Columbia, Ontario), the Dominican Republic (1), France (1), Greece (5), Greenland (9), Iceland (2), Italy (7), Maldives (2), Mexico (8), New Zealand (14), United States (5: Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Carolina)

• Pliocene of Cyprus (1), Greece (1), Italy (1), Pakistan (1), Peru (1), Spain (3), United States (1: Florida), Venezuela (3)

• Miocene of Algeria (12), Austria (5), Chile (3), Cyprus (2), Egypt (1), Germany (16), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (10), Malta (5), Morocco (5), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (5), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (2), Poland (3), Portugal (1), Romania (4), Slovakia (1), Spain (13), Turkey (8), Ukraine (5), United States (3: California)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Antarctica (3)

• Oligocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (2), India (1), New Zealand (2)

• Eocene of Egypt (2), France (1), Germany (2), Hungary (2), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (2), Romania (1), Spain (24), the United Kingdom (24), United States (7: Alabama, California, Florida, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Argentina (23), Denmark (2), Egypt (3), France (1), the Netherlands (1), Slovakia (5), Sweden (1), United States (5: Alabama, California, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (2), Argentina (31), Austria (7), Brazil (2), Bulgaria (1), Canada (1: Nova Scotia), China (1), the Czech Republic (5), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), France (20), Germany (23), Hungary (1), Indian Ocean (1), Japan (1), Madagascar (7), Mexico (5), Morocco (1), Mozambique (1), the Netherlands (1), Portugal (24), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (3), Switzerland (8), Tunisia (2), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (2), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (16), United States (271: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah), Venezuela (1)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Austria (1)

• Jurassic of Argentina (3), Canada (3: British Columbia, Nova Scotia), Chile (12), Egypt (1), Eritrea (4), Ethiopia (2), France (86), Germany (19), Greenland (70), India (51), Iran (5), Italy (3), Luxembourg (1), Morocco (5), New Zealand (4), Peru (1), Poland (3), Portugal (63), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (49), Switzerland (1), Thailand (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (67), United States (2: Alaska, California)

• Triassic of Australia (1), Austria (9), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (31), Germany (9), Greenland (94), Hungary (3), India (2), Iran (2), Italy (14), Japan (5), Malaysia (1), New Zealand (1), Oman (3), Poland (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (2), Switzerland (1), Turkey (7), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (4: Nevada, New Mexico, Utah)

• Permian of Australia (1), Azerbaijan (1), China (2), Germany (1), Greece (1), Italy (4), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (32: Alaska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah), Venezuela (2)

• Virgilian of United States (1: New Mexico)

• Desmoinesian of United States (2: Kansas, Texas)

• Westphalian of Spain (1)

• Osagean of the United Kingdom (1)

• Carboniferous of Canada (2: Alberta, Newfoundland and Labrador), the United Kingdom (13), United States (40: Alabama, Alaska, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah)

• Mississippian of the United Kingdom (1)

• Devonian of Australia (5), Belgium (2), Canada (25: Alberta, Northwest Territories), the Czech Republic (1), France (2), Germany (23), Poland (1), Spain (1), United States (21: Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, New York, Ohio, Tennessee), Venezuela (1)

• Silurian to Devonian of United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Silurian of Canada (3: Ontario, Quebec), Estonia (1), Sweden (8), the United Kingdom (4), United States (20: Alaska, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of Canada (2: Ontario, Quebec), United States (6: New York, Ohio)

Total: 1660 collections including 1984 occurrences

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