†order Malvales Jussieu 1820

Magnoliopsida - Malvales

Parent taxon: Eudicot according to N. A. Jud 2011

See also Hickey 1977, Mabberley 2000 and Taylor et al. 2008

Sister taxa: Apiales, Aquifoliales, Asterales, Berberidopsidales, Brassicales, Bruniales, Buxales, Caryophyllales, Celastrales, Cornales, Crossosomatales, Cucurbitales, Dipsacales, Ericales, Ericales, Escalloniales, Fabales, Fagales, Garryales, Gentianales, Geraniales, Gunnerales, Huerteales, Javelinoxylon, Lamiales, Malpighiales, Myrtales, Noferinia, Oxalidales, Paracryphiales, Picramniales, Proteales, Ranunculales, Rosales, Santalales, Sapindales, Saxifragales, Solanales, Sterculia, Trochodendrales, Violales, Vitales, Zygophyllales

Subtaxa: Argyrodendron Bixaceae Bombacaceae Crototricolpites Dipterocarpaceae Echiperiporites Geraniaceae Huaceae Lakiapollis Malvaceae Neuradaceae Peridiscaceae Sarcolaenaceae Sterculiaceae Tiliaceae

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Australia (25), the Bahamas (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (2), France (2), Japan (1), Tanzania (1), United States (5: Michigan, Utah, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1)

• Pliocene of Brazil (1), Germany (1), Japan (2), Panama (4), Slovakia (1)

• Miocene to Oligocene of Peru (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Miocene of Argentina (4), Azerbaijan (2), Brazil (1), Colombia (1), Germany (2), Japan (7), Kenya (3), New Zealand (1), Panama (12), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (3), Thailand (1), United States (2: California, Montana), Western Sahara (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (2)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Azerbaijan (1), the Czech Republic (1), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (8: Idaho, Montana, Oregon)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (4), Argentina (10), Australia (4), Colombia (23), Cuba (2), Germany (1), Jamaica (1), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (87: Louisiana, North Dakota, Texas, Washington, Wyoming, Wyoming ), Venezuela (11)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Argentina (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (7), Colombia (20), United States (30: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Wyoming), Venezuela (22)

• Tertiary of Japan (2)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Antarctica (3)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (2), Mexico (2), Peru (1), United States (35: North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming)

Total: 383 collections including 479 occurrences

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