†order Scrophulariales

Dicotyledonae - Scrophulariales - Asteridae

Parent taxon: Asteridae according to D.J. Mabberley 2000

Sister taxa: Callitrichales, Plantaginales, Rubiales

Subtaxa: Acanthaceae Bignoniaceae Buddlejaceae Gesneriaceae Globulariaceae Lentibulariaceae Mendonciaceae Myoporaceae Oleaceae Orobanchaceae Pedaliaceae Plocospermataceae Scrophulariaceae

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Australia (36), the Congo-Kinshasa (3), France (3), Italy (1), Japan (1), Tanzania (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (6: Michigan, North Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Tanzania (1)

• Pliocene of Bolivia (1), Japan (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: California, Tennessee)

• Miocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Montana)

• Miocene to Pliocene of France (1), Japan (1), Peru (1), South Africa (3), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Brazil (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Brazil (1), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Germany (4), Japan (4), Kenya (2), Poland (1), Switzerland (1), United States (12: California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (3)

• Oligocene to Eocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (1), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (1), United States (2: Idaho, Oregon)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of the United Kingdom (2), United States (7: California, Washington, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of United States (22: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming)

• Tertiary of Japan (1)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (3), Argentina (2), Canada (1: British Columbia), Ecuador (2), the Russian Federation (1), United States (10: New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of New Zealand (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of the Russian Federation (1)

Total: 164 collections including 235 occurrences

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