Betula Linnaeus 1753 (birch)

Magnoliopsida - Fagales - Betulaceae

Parent taxon: Betulaceae according to D.J. Mabberley 2000

See also Brown 1959, Hickey 1977, Knowlton 1899 and Shoshani et al. 1989

Sister taxa: Alnus, Carpinus, Corylus, Cranea, Ostrya

Subtaxa: Betula hesterna Betula stevensonii

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (2: Alberta, Ontario collections), France (2), Japan (3), the United Kingdom (4), United States (14: Alaska, Michigan, North Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Pliocene of Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Germany (7), Japan (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Nevada)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Tennessee)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Germany (1), Japan (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Miocene of Azerbaijan (1), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), China (1), Germany (24), Japan (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (14), Turkey (1), United States (21: California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Virginia, Washington)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Germany (1), United States (1: Montana)

• Oligocene to Eocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (1), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (3), the Russian Federation (6), United States (3: Idaho, Montana, Oregon)

• Eocene of Canada (2: British Columbia, Nunavut), United States (9: Idaho, North Dakota, Washington)

• Paleocene of United States (19: Colorado, Montana, Wyoming)

• Tertiary of Canada (1: Nunavut), Japan (1)

Total: 155 collections including 188 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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