Family Rubiaceae Jussieu 1789 (coffee)

Angiospermae - Gentianales - Rubiaceae

Full reference: A. L. d. Jussieu. 1789. Genera plantarum :secundum ordines naturales disposita, juxta methodum in Horto regio parisiensi exaratam.

Parent taxon: Gentianales according to The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 2016

See also Knowlton 1919, Mabberley 2000 and Taylor et al. 2008

Sister taxa: Apocynaceae, Gelsemiaceae, Geniostomaceae, Gentianaceae, Jenkinsella, Loganiaceae, Strychnaceae

Subtaxa: Anthocephalus Asperula Canthidium Canthium Cephalanthus Cinchonidium Coprosma Diplospora Exostema Galium Gardenia Grumileophyllum Guettarda Hamiltonia Hodgkinsonia Hoffmannia Ixora Ixorophyllum Mitragyna Mitragynaxylon Morinda Mussaenda Mussaendopsis Nauclea Neanotis Nertera Oldenlandia Ophiorrhiza Palaeocoprosmadites Paleorubiaceaepites Pavetta Psychotria Psychotriphyllum Randia Rubia Rubiaceaecarpum Rubiaceocarpum Rubioides Rubioxylon Spermacoce Valerianellites Wendlandia

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Ecology: "photoautotroph"

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (36 collections), India (14), Kenya (3), Tanzania (1), United States (1: Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Tanzania (1)

• Pliocene of Bolivia (1), India (1), Italy (1), Portugal (3)

• Miocene to Oligocene of Peru (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of India (2), Mexico (1), Nepal (1), South Africa (2), Uganda (2)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Chile (1), China (1), Cuba (1), Ecuador (4), Germany (19), Haiti (1), India (3), Kenya (2), Nepal (3), New Zealand (2), Panama (3), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (6)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Germany (2), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of India (2), Myanmar (38)

• Tertiary of the Dominican Republic (1)

• Paleocene of China (2)

Total: 171 collections including 201 occurrences

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