Dicynodon lacerticeps Owen 1845

Osteichthyes - Therapsida

Alternative combination: Dicynodon laerticeps

Synonyms: Daptocephalus pardiceps Owen 1876, Dicynodon aetorhamphus Broom 1948, Dicynodon cadlei Broom 1940, Dicynodon dutoiti Broom and Schepers 1937, Dicynodon kitchingi Broom 1937, Dicynodon pardiceps Owen 1876, Dicynodon taylori Broom 1932, Dicynodon trigonocephalus Broom 1940

Full reference: R. Owen. 1845. Report on the Reptilian Fossils of South Africa: PART I.—Description of certain Fossil Crania, discovered by AG Bain, Esq., in Sandstone Rocks at the South-eastern extremity of Africa, referable to different species of an Extinct genus of Reptilia (Dicynodon), and indicative of a new Tribe or Sub-order of Sauria. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 7:59-84

Belongs to Dicynodon according to C. F. Kammerer et al. 2011

See also Brink 1986, Broom 1913, Broom 1932, Broom 1937, Broom 1940, Broom 1940, Broom 1948, Broom and Schepers 1937, Haughton and Brink 1954, Hay 1902, King 1988, Kitching 1977, Owen 1860, Owen 1876, Swinton 1934 and Van Hoepen 1934

Sister taxa: Dicynodon cordylus, Dicynodon hartzenbergi, Dicynodon huenei, Dicynodon laerticeps, Dicynodon pachyrhynchus, Kingoria grahami

Type specimens:

  • Dicynodon lacerticeps: NHMUK 36233, a skull
  • Daptocephalus pardiceps: NHMUK 47045, a skull.
  • Dicynodon aetorhamphus: RC 85, a skull. Its type locality is Hoeksplaas (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon cadlei: RC 23, a skull. Its type locality is Hoeksplaas (Dicynodon Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon dutoiti: BP/1/3710, a skull. Its type locality is Seymour - Fairbairn Area, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial sandstone in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon kitchingi: TM 345, a skull. Its type locality is Blue Gum House, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon taylori: ELM Unnumbered (Now lost). Its type locality is Bashee River Bridge, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon trigonocephalus: RC 38, a skull. Its type locality is Klipfontein (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.

Distribution: found only at Tarka prolongation of the Winterberg Range (Permian of South Africa)

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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