Order Spirobolida Cook 1895 (millipede)

Myriapoda - Spirobolida

Alternative spelling: Spiroboloidea

Full reference: O. F. Cook. 1895. Introductory note on the families of Diplopoda, in The Craspedosomatidae of North America. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 9:1-9

Parent taxon: Juliformia according to F. Riquelme and M. Hernández-Patricio 2018

See also Dzik 1975, Hoffman 1969, Shear and Edgecombe 2010 and Štamberg and Zajíc 2008

Sister taxa: Julida, Proglomeridae, Spirostreptida

Subtaxa: Anthracojulidae Atopetholidae Gobiulus Spirobolidae Xyloiuloidea

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Ecology:

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: California collection)

• Miocene of Mexico (1)

• Cretaceous of Mongolia (3)

• Permian of United States (3: New Mexico, Texas)

• Carboniferous of Belgium (1), Canada (3: Nova Scotia), the Czech Republic (3), France (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (4: Illinois, Ohio)

• Devonian of Canada (2: New Brunswick, Quebec), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 24 collections including 30 occurrences

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