Family Arcticidae Newton 1891 (clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Arcticidae

Parent taxon: Arcticoidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Gardner 2005, Nevesskaja 2009, Ronchetti 1970, Scholz et al. 2008 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Bernardinidae, Euloxidae, Pollicidae, Trapezidae, Veniellidae

Subtaxa: Agapella Ambonicardia Anisocardia Anisocardioides Antarctica Antiquicyprina Arctica Coelocyprina Epicyprina Etea Gythemon Hartwellia Isocyprina Izumia Petalocardia Plesiocyprina Procyprina Pronoella Proveniella Pseudotrapezium Pygocardia Rollierella Roudairia Somarctica Staffinella Tenea Tortarctica Vectianella Venericyprina Veniella Venilicardia

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (2 collections), Iceland (8), Ireland (1), Italy (1), the Netherlands (1), Poland (6), the United Kingdom (7), United States (1: New York)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (8), Greenland (1), Iceland (21), the Netherlands (1), the United Kingdom (7)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (3: Alaska)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Belgium (2), Germany (1), India (3)

• Oligocene of Austria (3), Denmark (4), Greenland (1), Hungary (3), Ukraine (1)

• Eocene of Belgium (5), Egypt (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (4: New Jersey)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (1), Denmark (3), Germany (4), Nigeria (1), Poland (1), United States (7: Alaska, California, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (3), Algeria (1), Angola (1), Argentina (15), Austria (2), Brazil (2), Cameroon (1), Canada (15: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Saskatchewan), Chile (1), Colombia (1), the Congo-Brazzaville (3), the Czech Republic (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (50), France (13), Germany (2), Greenland (3), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), India (1), Iran (2), Italy (2), Japan (11), Jordan (1), Lebanon (1), Libya (2), Madagascar (4), Mexico (10), Morocco (1), Mozambique (4), the Netherlands (1), Niger (4), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), Peru (6), Poland (5), Portugal (3), the Russian Federation (11), Senegal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), South Africa (14), Spain (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (3), Switzerland (14), Tanzania (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Tunisia (1), USSR (10), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (21), United States (343: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming), Venezuela (2), Zimbabwe (2)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Canada (1: British Columbia)

• Jurassic of Afghanistan (1), Antarctica (1), Azerbaijan (1), Canada (3: British Columbia, Yukon), Chile (48), China (14), Ethiopia (6), France (48), Germany (24), Greenland (89), Hungary (3), India (29), Iran (2), Japan (3), Jordan (3), Kenya (7), Madagascar (3), Mexico (1), New Zealand (7), Poland (1), Portugal (46), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (16), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Somalia (8), Spain (44), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (3), Switzerland (2), Tanzania (10), Tunisia (45), the United Kingdom (73), United States (116: Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (1), Yemen (17)

• Triassic of Austria (57), China (1), Croatia (1), France (1), Italy (2), the Netherlands (2), Peru (1), Spain (6), the United Kingdom (6)

Total: 1500 collections including 1982 occurrences

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