Family Hipponicidae Troschel 1861 (hoof shell)

Gastropoda - Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae

Parent taxon: Vanikoroidea according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

See also Beesley 1998, Harzhauser 2004, Ponder and Warén 1988 and Todd 2001

Sister taxa: Aclididae, Eulimidae, Gigantocapulidae, Haloceratidae, Hipponicacea, Omalaxidae, Vanikoridae

Subtaxa: Cheilea Eoatlanta Gnaszynium Hipponix Krebsia Rothpletzia Sabia

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Ecology: facultatively mobile epifaunal grazer-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (5 collections), the Bahamas (3), Bermuda (3), Cayman Islands (3), Costa Rica (2), Cuba (1), Djibouti (1), Ecuador (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (4), Kenya (2), Mexico (25), New Zealand (2), Spain (2), United States (23: California, Florida, Hawaii), Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (4), Ecuador (2), Fiji (3), Indonesia (2), Jamaica (6), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Portugal (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (1: Florida), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (5), Argentina (2), Australia (2), Austria (1), the Dominican Republic (6), Fiji (2), France (4), Grenada (2), India (2), Italy (7), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (14), Panama (2), Poland (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (9: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Germany (1), Iran (1), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (1)

• Eocene of Bulgaria (1), Egypt (2), France (11), Germany (2), Italy (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), United States (78: Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (1), France (1), Greenland (3), Nigeria (1), Poland (2), Puerto Rico (1)

• Cretaceous of the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: California)

• Jurassic of Poland (1)

• Silurian of Sweden (1)

Total: 296 collections including 365 occurrences

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