Family Nuculidae Gray 1824 (nut clam)

Bivalvia - Nuculida - Nuculidae

Parent taxon: Nuculoidea according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Anelli et al. 2006, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Carter et al. 2011, Coan et al. 2000, Cox et al. 1969, Dockery 1982, DuBar 1958, El Qot 2006, Gardner 1945, Glenn 1904, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Huber 2010, Isberg 1934, Maxwell 1992, Mikkelsen and Bieler 2008, Nevesskaja 2009, Olsson 1931, Stilwell and Zinsmeister 1992, Stilwell et al. 2004, Todd 2001, Vokes 1980, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Yin and Grant-Mackie 2005

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Acila Austronucula Brevinucula Condylonucula Deshayesii Economolopsis Ennucula Lacia Microgloma Neonucula Nucula Nuculanella Nuculavus Nuculinae Nuculoidea Nuculoma Nuculominae Nuculopsis Palaeonucula Palaeonuculinae Pectinucula Similiconcha Sinonucula Trigonucula

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal deposit feeder-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (3 collections), Belgium (2), Brazil (5), Canada (7: New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario), Chile (1), Costa Rica (3), Ecuador (2), France (1), Greece (1), Greenland (4), Ireland (1), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), Thailand (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (76: California, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (2), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Belgium (8), Chile (5), Costa Rica (14), Ecuador (6), Greece (1), India (1), Indonesia (3), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (15), Mexico (2), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (11), the Russian Federation (4), Trinidad and Tobago (7), the United Kingdom (8), United States (32: Alaska, California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (10)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), United States (3: Alaska, California)

• Miocene of Antarctica (2), Argentina (7), Australia (7), Austria (2), Belgium (15), Bulgaria (7), Canada (2: British Columbia), Chile (4), Colombia (3), Cyprus (1), Denmark (2), the Dominican Republic (2), France (1), Germany (29), Haiti (1), India (8), Indonesia (11), Italy (5), Japan (21), Morocco (6), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (16), Pakistan (3), Panama (25), Poland (4), the Russian Federation (21), Slovakia (4), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (103: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, Oregon, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Antarctica (3), Argentina (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (3: Alaska, Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Australia (1), Denmark (5), France (16), Germany (2), Greenland (2), Hungary (2), Japan (15), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (6), Pakistan (1), Panama (5), Peru (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (14), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (99: Alaska, California, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (5), Argentina (4), Australia (5), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (2), Colombia (2), Croatia (1), Egypt (2), France (6), Germany (1), Greenland (1), Hungary (1), Japan (14), Mexico (5), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (4), Nigeria (4), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (6), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (1), Spain (8), the United Kingdom (33), United States (257: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Australia (1)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (18), Argentina (23), Australia (1), Austria (1), Belgium (4), Denmark (7), Egypt (7), France (1), Germany (1), Greenland (1), India (1), Libya (1), New Zealand (2), Poland (2), Puerto Rico (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (74: Alabama, Alaska, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Tertiary of United States (1: California)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (10), Argentina (6), Australia (4), Austria (2), Canada (21: Alberta, Northwest Territories), Chile (2), China (3), Ecuador (1), Egypt (19), France (13), Germany (7), India (1), Iran (4), Israel (8), Italy (1), Japan (51), Jordan (2), Lebanon (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (3), Mexico (3), Mozambique (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (11), Peru (1), Poland (6), the Russian Federation (7), Saudi Arabia (1), Switzerland (8), Tunisia (1), USSR (14), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (12), United States (289: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Antarctica (1)

• Jurassic of Canada (11: British Columbia, Yukon), Chile (1), China (2), Egypt (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (2), France (21), Germany (50), Greenland (10), India (129), Japan (7), Jordan (1), Kenya (5), Luxembourg (1), Madagascar (14), Morocco (10), New Zealand (10), Poland (6), Portugal (8), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (13), Saudi Arabia (22), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Somalia (7), Spain (6), Switzerland (23), Tanzania (3), Tunisia (13), USSR (1), the United Kingdom (32), United States (9: Montana, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (1), Yemen (14)

• Triassic to Jurassic of United States (1: Alaska)

• Triassic of Australia (1), China (29), France (1), Germany (8), Hungary (4), Iran (12), Italy (36), Japan (4), Peru (2), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (21), Serbia and Montenegro (1), the United Arab Emirates (2), United States (5: Alaska, Nevada), Vietnam (1)

• Leonard of United States (2: Idaho, Montana)

• Permian to Triassic of India (1)

• Permian of Australia (12), China (44), Germany (1), Greece (1), India (2), Japan (4), Lithuania (3), Madagascar (1), Mexico (5), New Zealand (6), Oman (4), Pakistan (6), Peru (3), the Russian Federation (20), Tunisia (8), United States (102: Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Virgilian of United States (23: Illinois, Maryland, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (47: Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma)

• Westphalian of the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Kentucky)

• Chesterian of United States (5: Montana, Ohio, West Virginia)

• Osagean of United States (3: Indiana, Kentucky)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (4), Australia (5), Canada (1: Alberta), China (1), Ireland (1), the United Kingdom (26), United States (60: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming)

• Mississippian of the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: Alaska)

• Devonian of Argentina (1), Australia (5), Brazil (7), Canada (9: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Quebec), China (18), France (3), Libya (5), New Zealand (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (3), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (257: Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania), Vietnam (2)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Bolivia (1), China (1), Paraguay (1), Sweden (8), United States (4: New York)

• Ordovician of Bolivia (1), China (2), Sweden (1)

• Arenig of France (1)

Total: 3135 collections including 3956 occurrences

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