Family Pharidae Adams and A. 1858 (clam)

Bivalvia - Solenida - Pharidae

Parent taxon: Solenoidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Beesley 1998, Coan et al. 2000, Lamprell and Healy 1998 and Rosenberg et al. 2006

Sister taxon: Solenidae

Subtaxa: Cultellinae Cultellus Ensis Novaculininae Pharinae Rzehakiinae Siliqua Siliquinae

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Australia (1), Belgium (1), Canada (1: Newfoundland and Labrador), Chile (1), France (1), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (3), Peru (3), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Thailand (3), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (69: California, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Belgium (6), Chile (4), Costa Rica (2), Indonesia (2), Italy (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (3), United States (20: California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (14: California)

• Miocene of Belgium (6), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (1), the Dominican Republic (4), Germany (9), India (6), Indonesia (5), Japan (18), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (1), the Russian Federation (5), United States (30: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (1), France (10), Hungary (1), Japan (7)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1)

• Eocene of France (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (2: Alabama, Texas)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Denmark (1), Poland (1), United States (1: Texas)

• Cretaceous of Canada (1: Alberta), Germany (3), India (1), Japan (16), Libya (1), the Netherlands (1), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (2), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (135: Alabama, Arizona, California, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas)

• Jurassic of Portugal (2)

• Triassic of Japan (1)

Total: 457 collections including 493 occurrences

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