Family Rhinobatidae Müller and Henle 1837 (guitarfish)

Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae

Parent taxon: Rajiformes according to C. J. Underwood 2002

See also Biddle 1993, Capetta 1980, Cappetta 1987, Carnevale et al. 2014, Case 1978, Case 1981, Cassier 1966, Everhart 2007, Goodwin et al. 1999, Herman 1975, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1963, Kriwet et al. 2009, Kriwet et al. 2007, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Peng et al. 2001, Purdy et al. 2001, Tabuce et al. 2005, Thies 1983, Underwood 2006, Underwood and Ward 2004 and Woodward 1889

Sister taxa: Archaeobatidae, Cyclobatidae, Dynatobatis, Erguitaia, Hamrabatis, Hexatrygon, Hypolophidae, Hypsobatidae, Myeladaphus, Oncobatis, Ostarriraja, Parapalaeobatidae, Plesiobatis, Pristoidei, Rajidae, Rajoidei, Rhina, Rhinobatoidei, Rhynchobatidae, Spathobatidae, Torpedinoidea, Urobatis, Urolophus, Urotrygon, Zanobatus

Subtaxa: Aellopos Arthropterus Belemnobatis Cyclarthrus Demiurga Euryarthra Glaucostegus Paratrygonorrhina Platypterix Rhinobatos Rhinobatus Rhombopterygia Rhynchobatis Spathobatis Squatinoraja Syrrhina Tarsistes Trygonorhina Zapteryx

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: California collection)

• Pliocene of Libya (1), United States (1: South Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Miocene of France (1), Mexico (1), Portugal (2), United States (3: North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene of Pakistan (1), United States (1: California)

• Eocene of Egypt (2), France (1), India (1), Italy (2), Jordan (2), Morocco (2), Romania (1), Senegal (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (5: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Virginia), Uzbekistan (1), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Belgium (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Paleocene of Morocco (2), United States (2: Mississippi, South Carolina)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (2), Brazil (1), Canada (2: Alberta, Saskatchewan), France (2), Germany (1), Israel (1), Italy (1), Jordan (3), Kazakhstan (1), Lebanon (3), Mexico (1), Poland (1), Spain (4), Sweden (3), Syria (5), the United Kingdom (5), United States (20: Colorado, Delaware, Kansas, Maryland, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (1), France (2), Germany (4), Spain (3), the United Kingdom (5)

Total: 121 collections including 140 occurrences

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