Tyrannosaurus rex Osborn 1905 (tyrant lizard king)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Tyrannosauridae

Alternative combination: Tyranosaurus rex

Synonyms: Albertosaurus megagracilis Paul 1988, Aublysodon molnari Paul 1988, Aublysodon molnaris Paul 1988, Dinotyrannus megagracilis Paul 1988, Dynamosaurus imperiosus Osborn 1905, Manospondylus gigas Cope 1892, Stygivenator molnari Paul 1988, Tyrannosaurus imperiosus Osborn 1905

Full reference: H. F. Osborn. 1905. Tyrannosaurus and other Cretaceous carnivorous dinosaurs. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21(14):259-265

Belongs to Tyrannosaurus according to T. R. Holtz 2004

See also Abel 1908, Anonymous 1906, Anonymous 1906, Anonymous 1949, Anonymous 1963, Anonymous 1974, Anonymous 1982, Averianov 2007, Avinoff 1941, Avinoff 1942, Bakker et al. 1992, Benson and Barrett 2009, Breithaupt 1985, Breithaupt 1997, Brougham et al. 2019, Brown 1907, Brown 1914, Brown and Schlaikjer 1940, Buffetaut 1992, Buffetaut et al. 1996, Carpenter 1992, Carpenter and Smith 2001, Carr 1999, Carr et al. 2017, Carr and Williamson 2004, Carr et al. 2005, Carr et al. 2011, Cau et al. 2012, Chao 1980, Claessens and Loewen 2016, Cooper et al. 2008, Cope 1892, Coria and Currie 2016, Currie 1992, Currie 2003, Currie 2003, Currie et al. 2003, Currie et al. 2003, Currie and Padian 1997, Dal Sasso et al. 2018, Dalman 2013, DePalma et al. 2015, Eberth 1997, Eberth et al. 2001, Estes 1964, Foster and Chure 2000, Fowler and Sullivan 2006, Fraas 1912, Gabriel and Lupton 1980, Galton and Molnar 2012, Gauthier 1986, Gillette et al. 1986, Gilmore 1946, Hay 1902, Holland 1919, Holtz 2001, Hone et al. 2011, Huene 1914, Huene 1915, Huene 1927, Ibiricu et al. 2013, Irmis and Knoll 2008, Jeletzky 1960, Kay 1942, Kay 1951, Kellner et al. 2011, Kielan-Jaworowska 1984, Knight 1942, Knoll et al. 1999, Krull 1906, Kuhn 1964, Kurzanov 1976, Lavocat 1954, Lawson 1976, Lehman 1987, Lehman and Carpenter 1990, Li et al. 2009, Lisak 1980, Lockley and Hunt 1995, Longrich 2008, Makovicky and Norell 1998, Malkani 2006, Manning et al. 2008, Matthew and Brown 1922, McIntosh 1981, Molnar 1974, Molnar 1978, Molnar 1980, Molnar 1991, Molnar and Carpenter 1989, Molnar et al. 1990, Molnar and Wiffen 1994, Moodie 1930, Norell et al. 2009, Novas 1997, Olshevsky 1995, Olshevsky 2000, Osborn 1905, Osborn 1906, Osborn 1916, Osmólska et al. 1972, Ostrom 1965, Parks 1935, Paul 1988, Paulina Carabajal and Canale 2010, Pompeckj 1920, Rauhut 2003, Rauhut et al. 2018, Rozhdestvensky 1965, Russell 1930, Russell 1964, Russell 1966, Russell 1970, Ryan and Vickaryous 1997, Sampson and Witmer 2007, Saveliev and Alifanov 2007, Schweitzer 1997, Senter and Sullivan 2019, Sloan 1976, Steel 1970, Stein and Triebold 2013, Stovall 1943, Stromer 1915, Stromer 1931, Stromer 1934, Stromer 1934, Stromer 1936, Swinton 1934, Swinton 1970, Tabrum 1970, Tatarinov 1964, Torices et al. 2015, Turner et al. 2007, Urban and Lamanna 2006, Walker 1964, Weishampel et al. 1991, White et al. 2015, Williamson and Brusatte 2014, Williamson et al. 2003, Young 1935 and Zhao 1986

Sister taxa: Tyrannosauripus, Tyrannosaurus turpanensis

Type specimens:

  • Tyrannosaurus rex: NMC 9380 =AMNH 973, a partial skeleton (scapula). Its type locality is Sheba Mountain, Sieber Ranch (AMNH), which is in a Maastrichtian terrestrial sandstone in the Lance Formation of Montana.
  • Albertosaurus megagracilis: LACM 28345. Its type locality is Engdahl Ranch (LACM), which is in a Maastrichtian terrestrial horizon in the Hell Creek Formation of Montana.
  • Aublysodon molnaris: LACM 28471. Its type locality is LACM 7245, Engdahl Ranch, which is in a Maastrichtian terrestrial claystone in the Hell Creek Formation of Montana.
  • Dynamosaurus imperiosus: AMNH 5866. Its type locality is Seven Mile Creek (AMNH), which is in a Maastrichtian terrestrial claystone/siltstone in the Lance Formation of Wyoming.
  • Manospondylus gigas: AMNH 3982.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): femur circumference 518.1, fibula circumference 150.5, tibia circumference 451.2

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Canada (6: Alberta, Saskatchewan collections), United States (58: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

Total: 64 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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