Tursiops truncatus Gray 1866 (common bottlenose dolphin)

Mammalia - Delphinoidea - Delphinidae

Alternative combinations: Delphinus truncatus, Tursio truncatus

Synonyms: Clymenia gudamu Owen 1866, Delphinus (Steno) gadamu Owen 1866, Delphinus catalania Gray 1844, Delphinus compressicauda Lesson 1828, Delphinus cymodoce Gray 1846, Delphinus eurynome Gray 1846, Delphinus nesarnack Lacépède 1804, Phocoena compressicauda Lesson 1828, Steno gadamu Owen 1866, Tursio catalania Gray 1844, Tursio compressicauda Lesson 1828, Tursio cymodoce Gray 1846, Tursio eurynome Gray 1846, Tursiops coerulescens Giglioli 1889, Tursiops communis Fitzing 1846, Tursiops compressicauda Lesson 1828, Tursiops eurynome Gray 1846, Tursiops gephyreus Lahille 1908, Tursiops maugeanus Iredale and Troughton 1934, Tursiops parvimanus Van Beneden 1886, Tursiops ponticus Barabash-Nikiforov 1940, Tursiops tursio Bonnaterre 1789

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1866. Notes on the skulls of dolphins, or bottlnose whales, in the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866:211-216

Belongs to Tursiops according to A. E. Moura et al. 2013

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Barnes 1990, Charlton-Robb et al. 2011, Dal Piaz 1929, Geisler et al. 2011, Gray 1846, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1866, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Hassanin et al. 2012, Hershkovitz 1961, Hershkovitz 1966, Lacépède 1804, Lydekker 1887, Mead and Brownell 2005, Mead and Potter 1995, Newton 1891, Perrin et al. 2013, Rice 1998, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sherman 1952, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, True 1885, True 1903, Turner 1912, Uhen et al. 2008 and Vidal 1991

Sister taxa: Tursiops aduncus, Tursiops astensis, Tursiops australis, Tursiops brochii, Tursiops erebennus, Tursiops osennae, Tursiops subridens

Subtaxa: Tursiops truncatus gillii Tursiops truncatus truncatus Tursiops tursio cymodoce Tursiops tursio metis

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Type specimens:

  • Tursiops truncatus: BMNH 353 h-62.7.18.15, a skull. Its type locality is Duncannon Pool, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Clymenia gudamu:
  • Delphinus compressicauda:
  • Delphinus cymodoce:
  • Delphinus eurynome:
  • Delphinus nesarnack: Its type locality is Duncannon Pool, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Tursio catalania:
  • Tursiops coerulescens:
  • Tursiops communis:
  • Tursiops eurynome:
  • Tursiops gephyreus:
  • Tursiops maugeanus: QVMAG 1360.
  • Tursiops parvimanus:
  • Tursiops ponticus:
  • Tursiops tursio:

Ecology: aquatic piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Brazil (1), Chile (1), Denmark (1), India (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (4), Panama (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (3: California, South Carolina, Virginia)

Total: 17 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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