Family Balanidae Leach 1817 (barnacle)

Maxillopoda - Sessilia - Balanidae

Parent taxon: Chionolasmatoidea according to D. S. Jones 2007

See also Martin 1904, McLaughlin et al. 2005, Ross and Newman 1967, Wilson 1983 and Zullo 1992

Sister taxa: Archaeobalanidae, Chelonibiidae, Chionolasmatidae, Chthamalidae, Coronulidae, Platylepadidae

Subtaxa: Amphibalanus Balaninae Balanus Concavinae Creusiinae Emersoninae Fistulobalanus Mclelanniinae Megabalanus Menesiniella

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (5 collections), Canada (13: British Columbia, Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec), Cape Verde (2), Chile (3), Cuba (1), France (1), Greenland (19), Iceland (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), Mexico (14), Morocco (3), New Zealand (1), Norway (1), Panama (2), Peru (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (59: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Blancan of United States (3: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Mexico (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Pliocene of Australia (2), Chile (4), Colombia (2), Ecuador (1), Iceland (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (5), Mexico (8), Pakistan (1), Peru (1), Portugal (1), Spain (4), United States (51: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), United States (2: Alaska)

• Neogene of Mexico (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (12), Argentina (3), Austria (1), Belgium (2), Brazil (4), Cape Verde (1), Chile (14), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (2), France (2), Germany (1), Haiti (5), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (6), Madagascar (1), Malta (2), Mexico (6), Moldova (1), Morocco (5), New Zealand (3), Panama (3), Poland (1), Portugal (3), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Taiwan (1), United States (111: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (4: California, Florida, South Carolina)

• Oligocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Colombia (1), Germany (2), Japan (6), Oman (1), Slovenia (1), United States (9: California, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Indonesia (1), Namibia (1), Nigeria (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (5: Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, Texas)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: British Columbia)

Total: 463 collections including 573 occurrences

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