Family Bothidae (flatfish)

Actinopteri - Pleuronectiformes - Bothidae

Parent taxon: Pleuronectoidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Gaemers 1984, Jordan 1963 and Purdy et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Achiridae, Achiropsettidae, Citharidae, Cynoglossidae, Paralichthyidae, Pleuronectidae, Poecilopsettidae, Rhombosoleidae, Samaridae, Scophthalmidae, Soleidae, Soleoidae

Subtaxa: Arnoglossus Bothus Citharichthys Citharus

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (2 collections), the Marshall Islands (1), United States (4: California, Georgia, Louisiana)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Italy (4), Kazakhstan (1), Panama (5), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene of Hungary (2), United States (2: California, Louisiana)

• Eocene of France (1), Germany (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

Total: 34 collections including 39 occurrences

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