Girvanella Nicholson and Etheridge 1878

Hormogoneae - Oscillatoriales - Girvanellaceae

Full reference: H. A. Nicholson and R. Etheridge. 1878. A Monograph of the Silurian Fossils of the Girvan District in Ayrshire. Vol. I, fasc. I.

Parent taxon: Girvanellaceae according to K. Krainer and D. Vachard 2019

See also Danielli 1981, Debrenne et al. 2015, Kiessling 2003 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Koivaella, Mitcheldeania, Ramovsia

Subtaxa: Girvanella mexicana Girvanella problematica Girvanella richmondensis

View classification

Type: Girvanella problematica

Ecology: stationary epifaunal "photoautotroph"

Distribution:

• Miocene of Italy (1 collection)

• Paleocene of Croatia (1)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (2), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (2), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (1), Spain (1), Tunisia (1)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Japan (1)

• Jurassic of Germany (2), Myanmar (1), Poland (1), Portugal (8), Spain (2), Thailand (2), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Austria (5), France (1), Greece (1), Italy (5), Japan (2), Oman (1), Poland (1)

• Permian of China (2), Germany (2), Greece (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Norway (3), Oman (1), Slovenia (2), Tajikistan (1), Thailand (1), Turkey (5), United States (4: New Mexico, Texas)

• Carboniferous of Algeria (1), Australia (2), Austria (2), China (2), France (3), Ireland (7), Japan (1), the Russian Federation (1), Spain (4), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (14: Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Wyoming)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (14), Australia (9), Belgium (3), Canada (6: Alberta, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), China (9), the Czech Republic (3), France (1), Germany (10), Morocco (4), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (10), Spain (4), Tajikistan (2), United States (1: Alaska)

• Silurian of Canada (6: Ontario, Quebec, Québec), China (1), India (1), the Russian Federation (2), Sweden (1), Ukraine (4), the United Kingdom (4), United States (3: Alaska)

• Whiterockian of Canada (1: Newfoundland and Labrador), United States (2: Nevada)

• Chazyan of Canada (3: Quebec), United States (1: Virginia)

• Arenigian of Argentina (1)

• Arenig of Australia (1), Canada (3: Newfoundland and Labrador), United States (5: Oklahoma, Texas)

• Canadian of United States (3: Virginia)

• Ordovician of Australia (4), Canada (12: Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec), China (18), Kazakhstan (3), Malaysia (1), Norway (2), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (3), United States (53: Alabama, California, Michigan, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia)

• Tremadoc of Argentina (1), China (6)

• Solvan of United States (1: Tennessee)

• Delamaran of Mexico (1)

• Cambrian of Antarctica (2), Australia (9), Canada (3: British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories), China (5), Germany (1), Iran (2), Italy (10), Mexico (4), Mongolia (8), Morocco (6), the Russian Federation (6), South Korea (1), Spain (4), United States (7: Colorado, Nevada, Texas, Virginia)

• Ediacaran of China (1)

Total: 414 collections including 441 occurrences

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