†family Hemigaleidae (ground shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae

Parent taxon: Carcharhiniformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Adnet et al. 2007, Chandler et al. 2006, Cicimurri and Knight 2009 and Purdy et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Carcharhinidae, Leptochariidae, Pachygaleus, Paratriakis, Proscylliidae, Protoscyliorhinus, Pseudotriakidae, Pterolamiops, Scyliorhinidae, Sphyrnidae, Squatigaleus, Triakidae

Subtaxa: Chaenogaleus Hemigaleus Hemipristis Moerigaleus Paragaleus

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (3: Alabama, Florida, South Carolina collections)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Ecuador (1), Libya (1), Mexico (2), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Neogene of United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Australia (1), Austria (5), Brazil (5), Colombia (3), Costa Rica (2), Cuba (2), the Czech Republic (2), Fiji (1), France (11), Germany (1), Grenada (1), India (2), Italy (2), Japan (5), Madagascar (1), Malta (5), Mexico (4), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (26), Peru (4), Poland (2), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (3), Spain (1), Sri Lanka (2), United States (38: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (5)

• Oligocene of Egypt (1), Oman (1), Pakistan (2), United States (3: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Egypt (19), India (1), Jordan (1), Mexico (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Togo (1), United States (10: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi), Western Sahara (3)

• Triassic of France (1)

Total: 204 collections including 233 occurrences

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