Holopea Hall 1847 (snail)

Gastropoda - Euomphalina - Holopeidae

Alternative spellings: Cyclonema (Holopea), Macrocheilus (Holopea)

Synonyms: Cirropsis Perner 1903, Haplospira Koken 1897, Litiopsis Salter 1866 [objective synonym], Staurospira Perner 1907, Tortilla Perner 1903

Full reference: J. Hall. 1847. Containing descriptions of the organic remains of the lower division of the New York system (equivalent of the Lower Silurian rocks of Europe). Paleontology of New York 1:1-338

Parent taxon: Holopeidae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

See also Gischler et al. 2004, Hall 1859, Knight 1937, Knight 1941, Knight et al. 1960, Sepkoski 2002 and Ulrich and Scofield 1897

Sister taxa: Cyclora, Eopagodea, Holopeinae, Pachystrophia, Raphistomina

Subtaxa: Haplospira craigi Haplospira henningsmoeni Haplospira nereis Haplospira sibeliuxeni Haplospira variabilis Haplospira vermiculosa Holopea aequalis Holopea ampla Holopea ampullacea Holopea applanata Holopea appressa Holopea arctica Holopea balticus Holopea brucei Holopea concinna Holopea concinnula Holopea coronata Holopea corrugata Holopea eichwaldi Holopea elizabethi Holopea enjalrani Holopea excelsa Holopea expandens Holopea filosus Holopea gaspesia Holopea gigantea Holopea glindmeyeri Holopea gracia Holopea guelphensis Holopea harpa Holopea hubbardi Holopea inaequistriata Holopea incola Holopea inflata Holopea informis Holopea insignis Holopea iowaensis Holopea latens Holopea lavinia Holopea marylandica Holopea media Holopea mediocris Holopea missouriensis Holopea mobergi Holopea nicolettensis Holopea nitidissima Holopea obliqua Holopea obsoleta Holopea occidentalis Holopea ophelia Holopea ottawaensis Holopea ovalis Holopea paludiniformis Holopea parvula Holopea perforata Holopea plauta Holopea praecursor Holopea pumila Holopea pyrene Holopea rossbrookiensis Holopea rotunda Holopea scalariforme Holopea scrutator Holopea similis Holopea simmonensis Holopea simplex Holopea subconica Holopea subtilis Holopea supraplana Holopea symmetrica Holopea transversa Holopea undulata Holopea variabilis Holopea vaurealensis Holopea vigneauensis Macrocheilus (Holopea) macrostomus Tortilla disjuncta

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Type: Holopea symmetrica

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of China (4 collections)

• Devonian of Australia (1), Canada (1: Quebec), Kazakhstan (2), United States (3: Alaska, Iowa, Pennsylvania)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Canada (11: Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario), Estonia (1), Greenland (1), the Russian Federation (1), Sweden (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (30: Alaska, California, Maryland, Michigan and Ohio, New York, Ohio, West Virginia, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of Canada (15: Manitoba, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Québec), China (3), the Czech Republic (2), Estonia (15), France (1), Iran (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (1), Norway (7), Sweden (7), the United Kingdom (5), United States (57: California, Illinois, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Virginia, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin)

• Chazy of Canada (1: Quebec), United States (6: New York)

• Arenig of Greenland (1)

Total: 183 collections including 259 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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