†family Holopeidae Wenz 1938 (snail)

Gastropoda - Euomphalina - Holopeidae

Synonym: Cycloridae Miller 1889

Full reference: W. Wenz. 1938. Handbuch der Paläozoologie; Gastropoda. Handbuch der Paläozoologie

Parent taxon: Euomphaloidea according to P. Jeffery 2003

See also Bouchet et al. 2005, Golikov and Starobogatov 1975, Knight et al. 1960, Mawson et al. 2002 and Wagner 1999

Sister taxa: Anomphalidae, Elasmonematidae, Euomphalidae, Helicotomidae, Kitikamispira, Lesueurillidae, Microdomatidae, Neoplatyteichum, Nettersheimia, Omphalocirridae, Omphalocirrinae, Omphalotrochidae, Ornollus, Planitrochidae, Pseudophoridae, Pycnomphalidae, Rhenomphalus, Serpulospira, Tychobraheidae

Subtaxa: Cyclora Eopagodea Holopea Holopeinae Pachystrophia Raphistomina

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Type: Holopea

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of China (4 collections)

• Devonian of Australia (1), Canada (5: Northwest Territories, Quebec), the Czech Republic (1), Kazakhstan (3), United States (4: Alaska, Iowa, Nevada, Pennsylvania)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Canada (15: Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario), China (5), the Czech Republic (8), Estonia (1), Greenland (1), Norway (1), the Russian Federation (1), Sweden (9), Ukraine (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (39: Alaska, California, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan and Ohio, New York, Ohio, West Virginia, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of Australia (2), Canada (24: Manitoba, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Québec), China (8), the Czech Republic (6), Estonia (20), France (1), Iran (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (1), North Korea (1), Norway (8), Spain (1), Sweden (9), the United Kingdom (8), United States (98: Alaska, California, Colorado, Illinois, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Virginia, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin)

• Chazy of Canada (1: Quebec), United States (6: New York)

• Whiterockian of Canada (2: Newfoundland and Labrador)

• Cassinian of Canada (1: Quebec), United States (1: Vermont)

• Arenig of China (1), Greenland (1), United States (1: North Dakota)

• Jeffersonian of United States (1: Texas)

Total: 307 collections including 433 occurrences

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