Family Echinidae Gray 1825 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Camarodonta - Echinidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1825. An attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into natural families. Annals of Philosophy, new series 10:423-431

Parent taxon: Echinidea according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Chiesa et al. 1995, Fell and Pawson 1966 and Smith 2009

Sister taxon: Parechinidae

Subtaxa: Atactus Echinus Gracilechinus Hypechinus Isechinus Paracentrotus Psammechinus Stirechinus

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Type: Echinus

Ecology: epifaunal grazer-deposit feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of France (1 collection), Greece (1), Spain (2)

• Pliocene of Belgium (1), United States (7: North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene of Algeria (6), Argentina (1), Austria (1), Cyprus (3), Egypt (1), France (2), Germany (1), Italy (5), Malta (1), Morocco (1), Spain (2), Switzerland (2), United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), New Zealand (1)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Argentina (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Paleocene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), Egypt (1), France (3), Germany (1), Portugal (18), Switzerland (4)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: Yukon), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Triassic of Hungary (1)

Total: 79 collections including 86 occurrences

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