Oudenodon bainii Owen 1860 (therapsid)

Osteichthyes - Therapsida - Cryptodontidae

Synonyms: Aulacocephalodon milletti Broom 1928, Chelyrhynchus lachrymalis Haughton 1917, Dicynodon allani Broom 1940, Dicynodon andrewsi Broom 1921, Dicynodon bolorhinus Broom 1911, Dicynodon brachyrhynchus Broom 1948, Dicynodon breviceps Haughton 1915, Dicynodon brevirostris Owen 1876, Dicynodon corstorphinei Broom and Haughton 1917, Dicynodon curtus Broom 1921, Dicynodon cyclops Haughton 1917, Dicynodon euryceps Boonstra 1938, Dicynodon glaucops Broom 1948, Dicynodon graaffi Broom 1940, Dicynodon greyii Owen 1860, Dicynodon halli Watson 1914, Dicynodon helenae Boonstra 1938, Dicynodon kolbei Broom 1912, Dicynodon latirostris Broom 1932, Dicynodon luangwanensis Boonstra 1938, Dicynodon lutriceps Broom 1912, Dicynodon maccabei Broom 1940, Dicynodon marlothi Broili and Schröder 1936, Dicynodon megalops Owen 1876, Dicynodon milletti Broom 1928, Dicynodon moutonae Broom 1948, Dicynodon mustoi Haughton 1915, Dicynodon nesemanni Broom 1940, Dicynodon parabreviceps Boonstra 1938, Dicynodon planus Broom 1913, Dicynodon platyceps Broom 1913, Dicynodon platyfrons Broom 1932, Dicynodon prognathus Owen 1860, Dicynodon richardi Broom 1940, Dicynodon robertsi Broom 1948, Dicynodon robustus Broom 1932, Dicynodon schwarzi Broom 1919, Dicynodon truncatus Broom 1899, Dicynodon vanderbyli Broom 1928, Dicynodon wellwoodensis Broom 1936, Dicynodon wilmanae Broom 1928, Oudenodon bolorhinus Broom 1911, Oudenodon brevirostris Owen 1876, Oudenodon glaucops Broom 1948, Oudenodon greyii Owen 1860, Oudenodon halli Watson 1914, Oudenodon kolbei Broom 1912, Oudenodon latirostris Broom 1932, Oudenodon luangwanensis Boonstra 1938, Oudenodon marlothi Broili and Schröder 1936, Oudenodon megalops Owen 1876, Oudenodon mustoi Haughton 1915, Oudenodon planus Broom 1913, Oudenodon platyceps Broom 1913, Oudenodon platyfrons Broom 1932, Oudenodon prognathus Owen 1860, Oudenodon robustus Broom 1932, Oudenodon truncatus Broom 1899, Oudenodon wilmanae Broom 1928

Full reference: R. Owen. 1860. On some reptilian fossils from South Africa. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 16(1):49-62

Belongs to Oudenodon according to G. M. King 1988

See also Boonstra 1938, Botha and Angielczyk 2007, Brink 1986, Broili and Schröder 1936, Broom 1899, Broom 1911, Broom 1912, Broom 1913, Broom 1913, Broom 1919, Broom 1921, Broom 1928, Broom 1932, Broom 1936, Broom 1940, Broom 1940, Broom 1948, Broom and Haughton 1917, Haughton 1915, Haughton 1915, Haughton 1917, Kammerer et al. 2011, Keyser 1975, Kitching 1977, Owen 1860, Owen 1861, Owen 1876, Toerien 1953, Van Hoepen 1934, von Huene 1940 and Watson 1914

Sister taxa: Oudenodon grandis, Oudenodon sakamenensis

Type specimens:

  • Oudenodon bainii: BMNH 36232, a skull (without lower jaw). Its type locality is Fort Beaufort, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Aulacocephalodon milletti: MMK 4164, a partial skeleton.
  • Chelyrhynchus lachrymalis: SAM 3334, a skull. Its type locality is Graaff-Reinet Commonage, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middleton or Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Dicynodon allani: RC 37, a skull. Its type locality is Wimbledon, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon andrewsi: MMK 4169, a partial skull. Its type locality is Biesjiespoort, Victoria West, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon brachyrhynchus: RC 86, a skull. Its type locality is Ferndale, Graaff-Reinet (Dicynodon Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial siliciclastic in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon breviceps: SAM-PK-2366, a partial skull. Its type locality is Voetpad (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon corstorphinei: SAM-PK-3337, a partial skull. Its type locality is Heuningneskrans, Camdeboo, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon curtus: SAM-PK-7850, a skull. Its type locality is Biesjiespoort, Victoria West, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon cyclops: SAM-PK-3447, a partial skull. Its type locality is Dalham and Upper Dalham, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Dicynodon euryceps: SAM-PK-11316, a skull. Its type locality is Drysdall & Kitching locality 4, Upper Luangwa Valley, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial mudstone in the Madumabisa Mudstone Formation of Zambia.
  • Dicynodon graaffi: Its type locality is Graaff-Reinet Commonage, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middleton or Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Dicynodon greyii: NHMUK 36231, a skull. Its type locality is Rhenosterberg (Dicynodon Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon helenae: SAM-PK-11312, a skull. Its type locality is Drysdall & Kitching locality 4, Upper Luangwa Valley, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial mudstone in the Madumabisa Mudstone Formation of Zambia.
  • Dicynodon kolbei: SAM-PK-1886, a skull.
  • Dicynodon lutriceps: AMNH FARB 5501, a partial skull. Its type locality is Kuilspoort, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon maccabei: RC 52, a partial skull. Its type locality is Saint Olives, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon marlothi: BSP 1935 VIII 32, a skull. Its type locality is Zuurplaats, Graaff-Reinet (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon megalops: NHMUK 47061, a partial skull.
  • Dicynodon moutonae: MMK 5033, a skull. Its type locality is Graaff-Reinet Commonage, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middleton or Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Dicynodon nesemanni: TM 1481, a partial skull (Now lost). Its type locality is Swaershoek, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon parabreviceps: SAM-PK-11319, a partial skull. Its type locality is Drysdall & Kitching locality 4, Upper Luangwa Valley, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial mudstone in the Madumabisa Mudstone Formation of Zambia.
  • Dicynodon prognathus: NHMUK 47059, a partial skull.
  • Dicynodon richardi: RC 41 (TM 4041), a skull. Its type locality is Wimbledon, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon robertsi: TM 1598, a partial skull.
  • Dicynodon schwarzi: AMG 2817, a skull. Its type locality is Pearston Area, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middelton Formation of South Africa.
  • Dicynodon truncatus: PEM Unnumbered, a partial skull (Now lost). Its type locality is Hanover, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon vanderbyli: MMK 4042, a partial skull. Its type locality is Bethesda Road Area, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon wellwoodensis: TM 262, a partial skull. Its type locality is Wellwood (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial mudstone in the Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Oudenodon bolorhinus: AMNH FARB 5505, a partial skull. Its type locality is Kuilspoort, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Oudenodon brevirostris: NHMUK R1649a, a partial skull (Now lost). Its type locality is Graaff-Reinet Commonage, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middleton or Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Oudenodon glaucops: RC 84, a partial skull. Its type locality is Doornplaas, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial siliciclastic in the Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Oudenodon halli: NHMUK R4067, a skeleton.
  • Oudenodon latirostris: SAM-PK-5141, a skull.
  • Oudenodon luangwanensis: SAM-PK-11310, a partial skull.
  • Oudenodon mustoi: SAM-PK-2674, a skull.
  • Oudenodon planus: AMNH FARB 5549, a partial skull.
  • Oudenodon platyceps: AMNH FARB 5542, a skull.
  • Oudenodon platyfrons: ELM Unnumbered, a partial skull (Now lost).
  • Oudenodon robustus: ELM Unnumbered, a skull (Now lost).
  • Oudenodon wilmanae: MMK 4167, a skull.

Ecology: herbivore

Distribution:

• Permian of Malawi (3 collections), South Africa (39), Zambia (5)

Total: 47 collections including 48 occurrences

Show more details


Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.