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Acanthocardia

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Taxonomy
Acanthocardia was named by Gray (1851) [Sepkoski's age data: T Ol-u R]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Cardium (Acanthocardia) by Melvill (1907) and Oostingh (1935); it was reranked as Cardium (Anthocardia) by Richards (1953).

It was assigned to Cardium by Melvill (1907), Oostingh (1935) and Richards (1953); to Cardiinae by Vokes (1980), Gliozzi and Malatesta (1983) and Freneix et al. (1988); to Acanthocardiini by Schneider (2002); to Veneroida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Cardiidae by Vera-Peláez et al. (2004).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1851Acanthocardia Gray
1907Cardium (Acanthocardia) Melvill
1935Cardium (Acanthocardia) Oostingh p. 177
1953Cardium (Anthocardia) Richards p. 53
1980Acanthocardia Vokes p. 126
1983Acanthocardia Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 96
1988Acanthocardia Freneix et al. p. 426
2002Acanthocardia Schneider p. 351 figs. Figure 25
2002Acanthocardia Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Acanthocardia Vera-Peláez et al. p. 255

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
RankNameAuthor
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
CardioideiFerussac 1822
superfamilyCardioidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyCardiidaeLamarck 1809
Neocardiids
EucardiidsSchneider 1995
subfamilyFraginaeStewart 1930
tribeAcanthocardiini
genusAcanthocardiaGray 1851

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available