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Sowerbyella (Sowerbyella) sinensis

Strophomenata - Strophomenida - Sowerbyellidae

Taxonomy
Sowerbyella sinensis was named by Wang and Jin (1964) [Sowerbyella sinensis Wang in Wang and Jin 1964]. It is a 3D body fossil.

It was recombined as Sowerbyella (Sowerbyella) sinensis by Wang et al. (1998).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1964Sowerbyella sinensis Wang and Jin p. 46 figs. pl. 13: 9ā€“11
1998Sowerbyella (Sowerbyella) sinensis Wang et al. p. 40 figs. pl. 5: 8ā€“13
2003Sowerbyella sinensis Nikitin et al. pp. 45 - 46 fig. 4Cā€“H
2007Sowerbyella sinensis Zhan and Vinn p. 105

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
RankNameAuthor
classStrophomenataWilliams et al 1996
orderStrophomenidaOpik 1934
superfamilyPlectambonitoideaJones 1928
familySowerbyellidaeOpik 1930
subfamilySowerbyellinaeOpik 1930
genusSowerbyellaJones 1928
subgenusSowerbyellaJones 1928
speciessinensis(Wang and Jin 1964)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
I. F. Nikitin et al. 2003Shell concavoconvex, outline semioval, about 65% as long as wide and about 145% as thick as long. Cardinal extremities slightly acute to near right angled. Ante − rior margin broadly and evenly rounded, commissure recti− marginate. Ventral valve moderately and evenly convex in lateral profile, slightly carinate posteriorly in some speci− mens. Ventral interarea low, apsacline with a convex, apical pseudodeltidium. Dorsal valve gently and evenly concave, about 60% as long as wide. Dorsal interarea linear, anacline with discrete chilidial plates united apically. Radial ornament finely and unequally parvicostellate, with accentuated costellae of three generations separated by 2 to 3 parvi−costellae in the interspaces and with up to 14 to 16 costellae per 3 mm at the anterior margin of mature specimens.

Ventral valve interior with teeth supported by short, low dental plates extending basally into divergent muscle− bounding ridges flanking a flabellate muscle field. Diductor scars large, rhomboidal, divided posteriorly by small, lanceo− late adductor scars which are bisected by a short median ridge. Mantle canals lemniscate with straight, divergent vascula media. Dorsal interior with a trifid, undercut cardinal process, which is ankylosed to low, short socket plates. Bema low, subcircular, distinguished only in adult specimens, about 60 to 70% as long and 40% as wide as the valve. Inner side septa prominent, forming the inner edges of the bema in adult specimens. A short median septum and a second pair of widely divergent outer side septa are developed in some adult shells, but are not characteristic of most specimens.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 1.0 to < 10g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10g
Folds: noneg
Ribbing: minorg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-04-13 09:02:41
Modified: 2018-11-10 18:01:17
Source: g = genus, o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Ashgill to the top of the Katian or 449.50000 to 445.20000 Ma

Collections (21 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Katian453.0 - 445.2China (Zhejiang) Sowerbyella sinensis (116244)
Katian453.0 - 445.2Kazakhstan Sowerbyella sinensis (161989 162026)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7China (Jiangxi) Sowerbyella sinensis (89295 186235 186236 186237 186240 186264 186265 186268 186279 186280)
Ashgillian449.5 - 443.7China (Jiangxi) Sowerbyella sinensis (186247 186271 186272 186273 186274 186276 186277 186278)