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Echinoidea (sea urchin)

Echinoidea -

Subtaxa
Acrosalenioida, Archaeocidaridae, Bromidechinus, Cassiduloidea, Cidaris aculeata, Cidaris aialensis (syn. Cidaris aculeata), Cidaris alpina, Cidaris alternata, Cidaris austriaca, Cidaris avena, Cidaris biconica, Cidaris biformis, Cidaris braunii, Cidaris buchii, Cidaris caudex, Cidaris cingulata, Cidaris coralliophila, Cidaris costalarensis, Cidaris costata, Cidaris costeanensis, Cidaris decorata, Cidaris decoratissima, Cidaris dorsata, Cidaris ecki, Cidaris forminensis, Cidaris fustis, Cidaris glabra, Cidaris hausmanni, Cidaris lanceata, Cidaris linearis (syn. Cidaris bicarinata), Cidaris milierensis, Cidaris ovata, Cidaris perplexa, Cidaris petersii, Cidaris plana, Cidaris pyramidalis, Cidaris quadrialata, Cidaris quadriserrata, Cidaris regnyi, Cidaris remifera, Cidaris remifera, Cidaris reticulata, Cidaris roemeri (syn. Cidaris globifera, Cidaris tyrolensis), Cidaris schwageri, Cidaris scrobiculata, Cidaris seelandica, Cidaris semicostata, Cidaris similis, Cidaris spinachristi, Cidaris spongiosa, Cidaris stipes, Cidaris stoppanii, Cidaris sulcata, Cidaris tenuicostata, Cidaris tetraedrica, Cidaris transversa, Cidaris trapezoidalis, Cidaris trigona, Cidaris triserrata, Cidaris undulatus, Cidaris valparolae, Cidaris verticillata, Cidaris verticillata, Cidaris waechteri, Cidaris wissmanni (syn. Cidaris bispinosa), Cidaris zardini, Cidarites, Cidaroidea, Corystusidae, Dallonia, Deakia, Diplocidaroida, Disasteroida, Dysaster, Echinocrinus, Echinoida, Echinopluteus, Euechinoidea, Firmacidaris, Gajechinus, Gnathostomata, Hemicidaris gracilis, Hemicidaris obliquelineata, Oligopygoida, Ombria, Parechinus, Perischoechinoidea, Plegiocidaris senex, Pleurechinus, Protocidaris, Radiolus, Radiolus adametzi, Radiolus alutensis, Radiolus antipai, Radiolus boletus, Radiolus complanatus, Radiolus culter, Radiolus festuca, Radiolus fusus, Radiolus herbichi, Radiolus lineola, Radiolus penna, Radiolus racadaui, Radiolus raiblianus, Radiolus rostratus, Radiolus segmentatus, Regularia, Temnopleuroida, Vernius, Yunnanechinus

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1833Cidaris buchii Münster p. 121 figs. Pl 40, figs 5a,b
1841Pleurechinus Agassiz p. 7
1841Cidaris scrobiculata Braun p. 45 figs. Pl 3, fig 21
1841Cidaris dorsata Braun p. 46 figs. Pl 4, fig 1
1841Cidaris biformis Münster p. 43 figs. Pl 3, fig 13
1841Cidaris buchii Münster p. 43 figs. Pl 3, fig 11
1841Cidaris remifera Münster p. 43 figs. Pl 3, fig 12
1841Cidaris cingulata Münster p. 44 figs. Pl 3, fig 17
1841Cidaris trigona Münster p. 44 figs. Pl 3, fig 15
1841Cidaris decorata Münster p. 45 figs. Pl 3, fig 22
1841Cidaris linearis Münster p. 45 figs. Pl 3, fig 19
1841Cidaris semicostata Münster p. 45 figs. Pl 3, fig 20
1841Cidaris hausmanni Wissmann p. 44 figs. Pl 3, fig 14
1841Cidaris roemeri Wissmann p. 47 figs. Pl 4, fig 3
1841Cidaris waechteri Wissmann p. 48 figs. Pl 5, fig 22
1843Cidaris bispinosa Klipstein p. 272 figs. Pl 18, fig 12
1845Cidaris globifera Klipstein p. 271 figs. Pl 18, fig 9
1847Cidaris wissmanni Desor p. 26
1847Cidaris braunii Desor p. 31
1847Cidaris transversa von Meyer p. 576
1855Cidaris tyrolensis Desor p. 20 figs. Pl 2, fig 7
1855Cidaris avena Desor p. 21 figs. Pl 2, fig 25
1855Cidaris perplexa Desor p. 21 figs. Pl 2, fig 15
1855Cidaris similis Desor p. 22 figs. Pl 2, fig 28
1857Cidaris lanceata Stoppani p. 412
1857Cidaris alternata Stoppani p. 413
1857Cidaris spinachristi Stoppani p. 413
1857Cidaris verticillata Stoppani p. 413
1857Hemicidaris gracilis Stoppani p. 413
1857Hemicidaris obliquelineata Stoppani p. 413
1858Cidaris austriaca Desor p. 20 figs. Pl 2, fig 14
1865Cidaris dorsata Laube p. 63 figs. Pl 9, fig 12
1865Cidaris hausmanni Laube p. 64 figs. Pl 9, fig 13
1865Cidaris petersii Laube p. 64 figs. Pl 8b, fig 5
1865Cidaris scrobiculata Laube p. 65 figs. Pl 8b, fig 7
1865Cidaris trigona Laube p. 65 figs. Pl 8b, fig 6
1865Cidaris roemeri Laube p. 67 figs. Pl 10, fig 1
1865Cidaris buchii Laube p. 68 figs. Pl 10, fig 2
1865Cidaris semicostata Laube p. 69 figs. Pl 10, fig 3
1865Cidaris decorata Laube p. 70 figs. Pl 10, fig 5
1865Cidaris fustis Laube p. 70 figs. Pl 10, fig 4
1865Cidaris wissmanni Laube p. 71 figs. Pl 10, fig 8
1865Cidaris biformis Laube p. 72 figs. Pl 10, fig 9
1865Cidaris linearis Laube p. 72 figs. Pl 10, fig 10
1865Cidaris braunii Laube p. 73 figs. Pl 10, fig 6
1865Cidaris triserrata Laube p. 74 figs. Pl 10, fig 11
1865Cidaris caudex Stoppani p. 96 figs. Pl 19, fig 18
1865Cidaris stipes Stoppani p. 97 figs. Pl 19, fig 21
1872Cidaris stoppanii de Loriol p. 3 figs. Pl 1, figs 1-3
1874Ombria Quenstedt p. 298
1875Radiolus complanatus Quenstedt p. 196 figs. Pl 68, fig 87
1875Cidaris undulatus Quenstedt p. 199 figs. Pl 68, fig 98
1889Cidaris braunii von Wöhrmann p. 193 figs. Pl 5, figs 13, 14
1889Cidaris dorsata von Wöhrmann p. 193 figs. Pl 5, fig 12
1889Cidaris buchii von Wöhrmann p. 194 figs. Pl 5, fig 15
1889Cidaris schwageri von Wöhrmann p. 194 figs. Pl 5, figs 16,17
1889Cidaris decoratissima von Wöhrmann p. 196 figs. Pl 5, fig 20
1897Echinopluteus Mortensen p. 5
1900Plegiocidaris senex Lambert p. 48
1904Echinoidea Clark p. 430
1905Cidaris regnyi Lambert p. 94
1909Radiolus raiblianus Bather p. 216 figs. Pl 13, figs 399-403; pl 16, figs 450,451
1909Radiolus penna Bather p. 218 figs. Pl 13, figs 404-412
1909Radiolus lineola Bather p. 230
1914Gajechinus Lambert and Thiéry p. 242
1920Dallonia Lambert
1926Cidaris ecki Assmann p. 517 figs. Pl 9, figs 7-10
1929Radiolus lineola Bather p. 230
1929Radiolus segmentatus Bather p. 236 figs. Pl 258(2), figs 27-29
1929Radiolus boletus Bather p. 239 figs. Pl 258, figs 36-38
1929Radiolus culter Bather p. 241 figs. Pl 258, figs 39-41
1929Radiolus festuca Bather p. 244 figs. Pl 258, figs 46-48
1929Radiolus fusus Bather p. 245 figs. Pl 258, fig 49
1930Vernius de Gregorio p. 18
1930Protocidaris de Gregorio p. 20
1936Radiolus adametzi Jekelius p. 49 figs. Pl 2, figs 50,51
1936Radiolus alutensis Jekelius p. 49 figs. Pl 2, fig 46
1936Radiolus racadaui Jekelius p. 49 figs. Pl 2, fig 47
1936Radiolus antipai Jekelius p. 50 figs. Pl 2, fig 48
1936Radiolus herbichi Jekelius p. 50 figs. Pl 2, fig 45
1937Cidaris remifera Assmann p. 23 figs. Pl 5, fig 17
1937Radiolus rostratus Korner p. 163 figs. Pl 11, fig 1
1950Cidaris zardini Leonardi and Lovo p. 9 figs. Pl 2, figs 21-24,26
1950Cidaris aculeata Leonardi and Lovo p. 10 figs. Pl 1, fig 8
1950Cidaris pyramidalis Leonardi and Lovo p. 10 figs. Pl 2, fig 25
1966Echinoidea Durham et al. p. U297
1973Cidaris seelandica Zardini p. 16 figs. Pl 11, figs 1-11; pl 21, fig 4
1973Cidaris tetraedrica Zardini p. 16 figs. Pl 7, figs 21-26
1973Cidaris biconica Zardini p. 18 figs. Pl 9, figs 1a-9b; pl 21, fig 5
1973Cidaris forminensis Zardini p. 18 figs. Pl 9, fig 13; pl 17, fig 9; pl 20, fig 35; pl 21, fig 8
1973Cidaris ovata Zardini p. 18 figs. Pl 8, figs 23-26
1973Cidaris costata Zardini p. 19 figs. Pl 10, figs 15,20
1973Cidaris alpina Zardini p. 20 figs. Pl 21, fig 3; pl 7, figs 27,28
1973Cidaris costalarensis Zardini p. 21 figs. Pl 12, figs 4-11c
1973Cidaris costeanensis Zardini p. 21 figs. Pl 10, fig 24; pl 17, figs 22,23; pl 18, fig 37
1973Cidaris plana Zardini p. 22 figs. Pl 12, fig 45; pl 15, fig 20; pl 19, fig 2; pl 22, fig 4
1973Cidaris spongiosa Zardini p. 22 figs. Pl 12, figs 47-50; pl 17, figs 5-8; pl 18, figs 10-13
1973Cidaris sulcata Zardini p. 22 figs. Pl 12, figs 12-17
1973Cidaris trapezoidalis Zardini p. 22 figs. Pl 12, figs 42-44,46
1973Cidaris coralliophila Zardini p. 23 figs. Pl 18, figs 26,27
1973Cidaris glabra Zardini p. 23 figs. Pl 12, figs 37-39; pl 18, fig 33
1973Cidaris milierensis Zardini p. 23 figs. Pl 12, figs 19-21
1973Cidaris verticillata Zardini p. 23 figs. Pl 18, figs 6-9
1973Cidaris quadriserrata Zardini p. 24 figs. Pl 13, figs 1,2,4; pl 22, fig 6
1973Cidaris reticulata Zardini p. 25 figs. Pl 13, figs 9-12
1973Cidaris tenuicostata Zardini p. 25 figs. Pl 13, fig 8; pl 19, fig 4; pl 22, fig 5
1973Cidaris quadrialata Zardini p. 28 figs. Pl 10, fig 27
1973Cidaris valparolae Zardini p. 28 figs. Pl 18, figs 30,31
1977Cidaris aialensis Kier p. 35
1998Echinoidea Barnes p. 312
2001Echinoidea Boczarowski p. 86
2002Echinoidea Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Firmacidaris Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Protocidaris Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Vernius Sepkoski, Jr.
2009Echinoidea Webster et al. p. 248
2010Echinoidea Kroh and Smith p. 169
2014Cidaris dorsata Nützel and Kaim p. 426 fig. 11j

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
RankNameAuthor
Life
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumEchinozoa
classEchinoidea()
classEchinoidea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available