Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Mammut americanum (American mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Taxonomy
Elephas americanus was named by Kerr (1792) [also said to be 1791 sometimes incorrectly attributed to Blumenbach 1799].

It was recombined as Mastodon americanus by Cuvier (1817), Leidy (1868), Allen (1895) and Osborn (1942); it was recombined as Mammut americanum by Blumenbach (1799), Hay (1902), Simpson (1945), Lundelius (1972), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Madden (1980), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Miller (1987), Abraczinskas (1993), Kelly (1994), Shoshani and Tassy (1996), Hulbert and Pratt (1998), Lambert and Shoshani (1998), Christiansen (2007) and Eshelman et al. (2018).

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1792Elephas americanus Kerr
1797Mammut ohioticum Blumenbach
1799Mammut americanum Blumenbach
1817Mastodon americanus Cuvier
1817Mastodon giganteum Cuvier
1825Tapirus mastodontoides Harlan
1830Tetracaulodon mastodontoideum Godman
1835Tapirus mastodontoides Harlan
1842Elephas americanus De Kay
1850Mastodon giganteus Mantell p. 167
1857Mastodon ohioticum Leidy p. 89
1860Elephas americanus Leidy p. 108
1860Mastodon ohioticus Leidy p. 108
1868Mastodon americanus Leidy p. 175
1875Elephas americanus Cope p. 51
1875Trilophodon ohioticus Cope p. 51
1877Elephas americanus Leidy p. 212
1895Mastodon americanus Allen p. 187
1902Mammut americanum Hay
1914Mammut progenium Hay
1942Mastodon americanus Osborn
1942Mastodon progenius Osborn
1944Pliomastodon adamsi Hibbard
1945Mammut americanum Simpson
1949Mammut adamsi Hibbard and Riggs
1966Mammut americanus Slaughter p. 79
1972Mammut americanum Lundelius, Jr.
1980Mammut americanum Kurten and Anderson p. 344
1980Mammut americanum Madden
1981Mammut americanum Thurmond and Jones p. 180
1987Mammut americanum Miller p. 171
1987Pliomastodon adamsi Tedford et al.
1993Mammut americanum Abraczinskas p. 345
1994Mammut americanum Kelly
1996Mammut americanum Shoshani and Tassy
1998Mammut americanum Hulbert, Jr. and Pratt
1998Mammut americanum Lambert and Shoshani
2007Mammut americanum Christiansen p. 425
2018Mammut americanum Eshelman et al. p. 10

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Tethytheria
orderProboscidea()
suborderElephantiformesTassy 1988
ElephantimorphaTassy and Shoshani 1997
MammutidaTassy and Shoshani 1997
familyMammutidaeHay 1922
genusMammutBlumenbach 1799
speciesamericanum(Kerr 1792)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available