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Mosasauria

Reptilia - Squamata

Taxonomy
Mosasauria was named by Marsh (1880) [also attributed to C. L. Camp 1923 (first actual use of name)]. It was considered monophyletic by Gauthier et al. (2012).

It was reranked as the suborder Mosasauria by Osborn (1903); it was corrected as Mosasauri by Jaekel (1910); it was reranked as the superfamily Mosasauroidea by Caldwell et al. (1995), Bell and Polcyn (2005), Schulp et al. (2008), Gauthier et al. (2012) and Pyron et al. (2013); it was reranked as the superfamily Mosasauria by Kuhn (1946) and Reeder et al. (2015).

It was assigned to Squamata by Osborn (1904); to Lyognatha by Jaekel (1910); to Lacertilia by Kuhn (1946); to Anguimorpha by Caldwell et al. (1995); to Squamata by Osborn (1903), Bell and Polcyn (2005), Schulp et al. (2008) and Gauthier et al. (2012); and to Toxicofera by Pyron et al. (2013) and Reeder et al. (2015).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1869Pythonomorpha Cope p. 251
1871Pythonomorpha Cope p. 237
1875Pythonomorpha Cope p. 20
1880Mosasauria Marsh
1890Pythonomorpha Zittel p. 450
1898Pythonomorpha Woodward p. 141
1903Mosasauria Osborn p. 276
1904Mosasauria Osborn p. 114
1910Mosasauri Jaekel p. 336
1934Pythonomorpha Swinton p. 18
1935Globidens timorensis Huene p. 415
1946Mosasauria Kuhn p. 61
1954Pythonomorpha Huene p. 62
1995Mosasauroidea Caldwell et al.
1999Pythonomorpha Lee et al. p. 510
2000Pythonomorpha Lee and Caldwell
2005Mosasauroidea Bell and Polcyn p. 178
2007Ophidiomorpha Palci and Caldwell
2008Mosasauroidea Schulp et al. p. 1
2011Ophidiomorpha Vullo et al. p. 282
2012Mosasauroidea Gauthier et al.
2013Pythonomorpha Houssaye et al.
2013Mosasauroidea Pyron et al.
2015Mosasauria Reeder et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
Episquamata
ToxicoferaVidal and Hedges 2005
superfamilyMosasauria(Marsh 1880)
superfamilyMosasauria(Marsh 1880)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available