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Spinosaurus aegyptiacus

Reptilia - Spinosauridae

Taxonomy
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus was named by Stromer (1915). Its type specimen is BSP 1915, a partial skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Gebel el Dist (7p), which is in a Cenomanian terrestrial sandstone/sandstone in the Baharîje Formation of Egypt.

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1915Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Stromer p. 28 figs. Pl. 1-2
1923Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Huene p. 457 fig. 3
1926Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Huene p. 89
1927Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Huene p. 266
1928Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Depéret and Savornin p. 264
1934Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Stromer p. 8
1936Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Stromer p. 64
1957Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Lapparent p. 109
1963Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Furon p. 154
1964Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Tatarinov p. 538
1968Spinosaurus aegypticus Maleev p. 95
1970Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Steel p. 38
1970Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Swinton p. 143
1974Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Langston p. 84
1974Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Molnar p. 1014
1980Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Molnar and Pledge p. 285 fig. 3
1984Spinosaurus aegypticus Taquet p. 81
1986Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Bonaparte p. 74
1986Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Chabli p. 71
1988Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Bouaziz et al. pp. 336-338
1988Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Paul p. 273
1989Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Buffetaut p. 81
1990Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Buffetaut et al. p. 192
1990Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Molnar et al. p. 192
1991Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Molnar p. 166
1992Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Buffetaut
1996Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Kellner p. 614
1996Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Kellner and Campos p. 155
1996Spinosaurus marrocanus Russell p. 355
1997Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Le Loeuff p. 454
1997Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Milner p. 699
1997Spinosaurus marrocanus Milner p. 699
1997Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Novas p. 685
1997Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Vickaryous and Ryan p. 488
1998Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Sereno et al. p. 1302
1998Spinosaurus marrocanus Taquet and Russell p. 348
2002Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Buffetaut and Ouaja p. 418
2002Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Sues et al. p. 543
2003Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Rauhut p. 34
2004Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 73
2004Spinosaurus marrocanus Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 73
2005Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Dal Sasso et al. p. 888
2006Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Candeiro et al. p. 936
2006Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Medeiros p. 335
2007Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Buffetaut
2007Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 190
2009Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Lü et al. p. 50
2010Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Cavin et al. p. 399
2010Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Hasegawa et al. p. 12
2010Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Lü et al. p. 386
2011Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Hone et al. p. 502
2011Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Kellner et al. p. 101
2011Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Vila et al. p. 157
2012Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Carrano et al. p. 243
2013Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Bertozzo et al. p. 120
2018Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Hassler et al. p. 2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
Orionides
superfamilyMegalosauroidea()
familySpinosauridae
genusSpinosaurus
speciesaegyptiacus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. T. Carrano et al. 2012Spinosaurid with: (1) no midline crest on conjoined premaxillae (Dal Sasso et al. 2005); (2) premaxilla entirely excluded from borders of external naris (Dal Sasso et al. 2005); and (3) extremely elongate dorsal neural spines (Stromer 1915).